New PDF release: Xunzi: The Complete Text
This is the 1st whole, one-volume English translation of the traditional chinese language textual content Xunzi, essentially the most large, subtle, and stylish works within the culture of Confucian suggestion. via essays, poetry, dialogues, and anecdotes, the Xunzi provides a extra systematic imaginative and prescient of the Confucian perfect than the fragmented sayings of Confucius and Mencius, articulating a Confucian point of view on ethics, politics, war, language, psychology, human nature, ritual, and song, between different themes. aimed toward basic readers and scholars of chinese language suggestion, Eric Hutton's translation makes the entire textual content of this crucial paintings extra obtainable in English than ever before.
Named for its purported writer, the Xunzi (literally, "Master Xun") has lengthy been overlooked in comparison to works corresponding to the Analects of Confucius and the Mencius. but curiosity within the Xunzi has grown in contemporary a long time, and the textual content provides a way more systematic imaginative and prescient of the Confucian perfect than the fragmented sayings of Confucius and Mencius. in a single well-known, particular distinction to them, the Xunzi argues that human nature is undesirable. even if, it additionally permits that folks can turn into reliable via rituals and associations demonstrated via prior sages. certainly, the most goal of the Xunzi is to induce humans to turn into nearly as good as attainable, either for his or her personal sakes and for the sake of peace and order within the world.
In this variation, keywords are always translated to assist realizing and line numbers are supplied for simple reference. different gains contain a concise advent, a timeline of early chinese language background, a listing of vital names and phrases, cross-references, short explanatory notes, a bibliography, and an index.
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Additional info for Xunzi: The Complete Text
If (30) you climb to a high place and wave, you have not lengthened your arms, but you can be seen from further away. If you shout from upwind, you have not made your voice stronger, but you can be heard more clearly. 12 One (35) who makes use of a boat and oars has not thereby become able to swim, but he can now cross rivers and streams. The gentleman is exceptional not by birth, but rather by being good at making use of things. 13 It makes its nest (40) from feathers, weaving it together with hair, and attaches it to the slender branch of a reed.
In some cases this has required adopting renderings that are not very literal translations of the Chinese, including, for instance, simplifying some of the long lists of nearly synonymous terms that one often finds in the Xunzi, which make for extremely cumbersome English if each and every item is translated. Likewise, on a number of occasions the Xunzi gives names of minerals, plants, and (sometimes mythical) animals for which—if the named item can be reliably identified at all—there is no common equivalent in English, or for which the common equivalent is unfamiliar or meaningless to most urban-dwelling college students.
I hereby most gratefully acknowledge their help and hope that they will be pleased with the final product. I would like to extend special recognition to the following individuals and institutions. Early on, significant portions of this work were published as part of Readings in Classical Chinese Philosophy (Hackett, 2003), and the manuscript was greatly improved by comments from the editors, Bryan Van Norden and P. J. Ivanhoe. In the time since then, P. J. has also given me invaluable feedback on every portion of this text, and to him I owe gratitude beyond all words.
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