Download e-book for iPad: World without Design: The Ontological Consequences of by Michael C. Rea
By Michael C. Rea
Philosophical naturalism, in response to which philosophy is continuing with the normal sciences, has ruled the Western academy for good over a century, yet Michael Rea claims that it truly is with out rational origin. Rea argues compellingly to the remarkable end that naturalists are dedicated to rejecting realism approximately fabric items, materialism, and maybe realism approximately different minds.
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Extra resources for World without Design: The Ontological Consequences of Naturalism
Dewey et al. (1945), Edel (1946), the essays in Krikorian (1944), Murphy (1945), and Sellars (1922, 1944a, b). Among contemporary writers, both Peter Forrest (1996) and Ronald Giere (1999) take a similar view. 22 methods and results of the natural sciences. The second is that of trying to understand the world as much as possible in terms compatible with materialist assumptions. The projects are related insofar as empirical methods are most obviously and straightforwardly useful for the investigation of material rather than nonmaterial phenomena.
4 Conspicuously omitted from the list of ancient allies of naturalism is Aristotle. This is because his place on that list is controversial. On 3 On ancient materialism, see Vitzthum (1995) and Lange (1879: i). 4 Vitzthum (1995). 25 the one hand, Aristotle is an obvious ally in that he too emphasized the importance of empirical investigation, rejecting the Platonic and Parmenidean view that true reality is somehow inaccessible to the senses. Furthermore, Aristotle's ethics and political philosophy are much more naturalistic than Plato's.
So when it comes to rejecting one program in favor of another, the decision to adopt the favored program must be made on pragmatic grounds, broadly speaking, rather than evidential grounds. 6 attractive, or whose canons are most convenient to adopt, or whose adoption will most irritate one's enemies, or whatever. 2 Furthermore, even if it happens to be true that (say) one rationally ought to adopt the program whose consequences are more attractive rather than the program whose adoption will most irritate one's enemies, there are no discernible grounds for asserting this truth.
World without Design: The Ontological Consequences of Naturalism by Michael C. Rea