Get The United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees (UNHCR): PDF
By Alexander Betts
This is a concise and finished advent to either the realm of refugees and the UN association that protects and assists them. Written by way of specialists within the box, this is often one of many only a few books that hint the connection among kingdom pursuits, worldwide politics, and the paintings of the United international locations excessive Commissioner for Refugees’ (UNHCR). Looking forward into the twenty-first century, the authors define how the altering nature of clash and displacement poses UNHCR with a brand new array of demanding situations and the way there exists a primary stress among the UN’s human rights schedule of shielding refugees fleeing clash and persecution and the protection, political and financial pursuits of states round the world. Key themes mentioned comprise: The UNHCR as an actor in global politics on the grounds that 1950 Refugee definition and safety tools New challenges to the UNHCR's mandate Institutional strengths and weaknesses Asylum crises within the international North and worldwide South Protracted refugee events and internally displaced people Key criticisms and carrying on with relevance of the UNHCR.
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Extra info for The United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees (UNHCR): the politics and practice of refugee protection into the twenty-first century
5 It would also become central to the later principle of voluntary repatriation, as states were prohibited from repatriating refugees until the dangers that confronted them in their home country had disappeared. 6 In addition to these strict parameters on the scope of its activities, it is important to note that UNHCR came into existence at the start of the Cold War and at a time of growing tensions between East and West. Refugee protection became further embedded in world politics as the Cold War progressed, and UNHCR would face extraordinary pressures and obstacles in providing protection to refugees and in devising solutions to their problems.
Military coups d’e´tat and repression in countries such as Argentina, Chile, Greece, the Soviet Union, Uganda, Uruguay, and Vietnam greatly increased global awareness of human rights violations and spurred greater human rights advocacy. International human rights organizations such as Amnesty International were established and a trans-national human rights advocacy network emerged. At the same time, US and European policy-makers became interested in human rights issues and UNHCR in the Cold War 31 began to pass legislation incorporating human rights considerations into their foreign and security agendas.
UNHCR began to face pressure from newly-independent UN member states to provide these new refugees with international assistance. However, the Office faced acute political problems arising from these new groups. Unlike in Europe, where refugee problems were perceived in an exclusively East–West context, refugee situations in the developing world were considerably different. In many cases, refugee situations directly involved either the political interests of the Western colonial powers, who were also among the founding members of UNHCR, or the security concerns of the newly independent states, who were the newest members of the United Nations.
The United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees (UNHCR): the politics and practice of refugee protection into the twenty-first century by Alexander Betts