Download e-book for iPad: The Politics of Nuclear Power: A History of the Shoreham by D.P. McCaffrey
By D.P. McCaffrey
Several members famous the possibly vital civilian makes use of of atomic power almost immediately after the bombings of Hiroshima and Nagasaki in 1945. That 12 months J. Robert Oppenheimer informed a countrywide radio viewers that "in the close to destiny" it'd be attainable to generate ecocnomic electrical energy from "controlled nuclear chain response devices" (reactors). It was once steered that, after fIfteen to 25 years of improvement, mature nuclear expertise may provide almost inexhaustible, reasonable power given the abundance of nuclear gas. Admiral Lewis Strauss, the Chairman of the Atomic strength fee, said that atomic energy might generate electrical energy "too reasonable to meter" (A assertion that, based on Brookhaven nationwide Laboratories' physicist Herbert Kouts, instantly "caused consternation between his technical advisors" [Kouts, 1983: 3)). For a short interval it was once notion that airplanes could fly utilizing atomic strength, and houses could set up small nuclear reactors for warmth and sizzling water. Nineteen Fifties and early Nineteen Sixties a small variety of prototype nuclear within the reactors got here on-line within the usa. the 1st energy plant protoype reactor started operation in Shippingport, Pennsylvania in 1957. It was once by way of the Dresden 1 unit close to Chicago in 1959, the yank plant in Rowe, Massachusetts (1960), and the Indian element (New York) and large Rock aspect (Michigan) vegetation in 1%2. those 5 crops had a mixed 800 megawatts (800 MW), or lower than one producing capability ofless than percentage of the whole American electrical energy producing capability in 1962.
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Extra resources for The Politics of Nuclear Power: A History of the Shoreham Nuclear Power Plant
Actors used these newspapers as conduits for information and views they wanted publicized, but the press functioned as much more than a messenger. Shoreham was the single most important issue on Long Island in the 1980s, and Newsday chronicled its complicated history very closely. Fourth and finally, I interviewed a number of individuals who had experience with the history of the plant. The book is outlined as follows. Chapter 2 reviews the development of nuclear power leading up to ULCO's announcement of Shoreham, and discusses formative issues in the plant's design and overall project organization.
In 1968 Arthur Sugden, LILCO's Vice-President for Engineering, recommended to LILCO's Executive Vice President Edward Duffy that the company defer the construction of Shoreham. Sugden pointed out that General Electric had withdrawn from offering turnkey projects in the Fall of 1966, and thus that LILCO would have to absorb any cost overruns. This was disquieting 42 Chapter 2 because in its first two years the project's expected costs already had increased from $70 million to $170 million. Sugden argued that LILCO ought to evaluate whether such cost increases would continue and, if so, that LILCO might consider dropping its nuclear plant in favor of adding more fossil fuel capacity.
In 1955 the AEC established the Power Demonstration Reactor Program. Under this Program the AEC would assist industry technically and financially, but the companies would actually build, own, and operate the plants. Industrial groups submitted proposals for plants in northwestern Massachusetts (The Yankee Atomic Power Plant), Nebraska, and Michigan. The Yankee plant was scheduled to begin operation in 1957 and cost $35 million. It began full-power operation in 1%1, at a cost of $55 million. The Nebraska reactor went into operation in 1963, with a fmal cost of $40 million compared to an estimated $24 million.
The Politics of Nuclear Power: A History of the Shoreham Nuclear Power Plant by D.P. McCaffrey