Download e-book for iPad: The European Commission, Expert Groups, and the Policy by Julia Metz
By Julia Metz
This ebook demanding situations the idea that coverage makers' paintings with advisory committees is emblematic of technocratic governance. examining how and why the eu fee makes use of specialist teams within the coverage procedure, it exhibits that specialists not just remedy technical difficulties, but additionally functionality as political units and negotiators in sleek governance.
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Extra info for The European Commission, Expert Groups, and the Policy Process: Demystifying Technocratic Governance
By fostering a pre-consensus among a diversity of actors – by ‘pre-cooking’ them (Larsson, 2003) – the Commission can use expert groups as one instrument to increase the acceptance as well as the effectiveness of its policy proposals. Summing up, based on the Commission’s position and its tasks in the European multilevel system, there are good grounds to assume that the European Commission acquires expertise and information, support, and consensual positions as resources from its expert groups.
Their institutional context facilitates negotiations based on communication and trust and helps to accommodate diverging interests and ‘intentionally produce collective outcomes despite [the] diverging interests of their members’ (Börzel, 1997, p. 5). Deliberation in committees provides a possibility for European institutions to overcome their ‘joint decision trap’ and pursue ‘positive action’ by allowing for side-payments or package deals within these groups (Scharpf, 1999, pp. 74–5). Consensus building in committees can therefore reduce transaction costs, facilitate agreement, and help to ‘escape from deadlock’ (Héritier, 1999) in the European policy-making process.
131). Expert support as a legitimizing resource and consensual positions as a procedural A Relationship of Resource Dependencies 27 resource, in turn, are relevant for the Commission to be able to overcome its institutional weaknesses, which have been identiﬁed as its ‘lack of democratic base and its reliance on other institutions for ﬁnal decision-making’ (Nugent, 1999, p. 131). 1 Expertise and information The traditional view of the European Commission in the EU policy process emphasizes the institution’s focal position in European technocratic governance.
The European Commission, Expert Groups, and the Policy Process: Demystifying Technocratic Governance by Julia Metz