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Read e-book online The Civic Minimum: On the Rights and Obligations of Economic PDF

Posted On April 20, 2018 at 12:04 am by / Comments Off on Read e-book online The Civic Minimum: On the Rights and Obligations of Economic PDF

By Stuart White

ISBN-10: 0198295057

ISBN-13: 9780198295051

Many governments this day are engaged in far-reaching courses of 'welfare reform'. yet what may a simply software of welfare reform consist in? Is the present emphasis on linking welfare 'rights' to 'responsibilities' justifiable? during this publication, Stuart White reconsiders the foundations of monetary citizenship acceptable to a democratic society, and explores the radical implications of those ideas for public coverage.

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Additional info for The Civic Minimum: On the Rights and Obligations of Economic Citizenship (Oxford Political Theory)

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But so what? If a given citizen has a low income because of her poor endowment of marketable talent, rather than because the state has legally restricted how much she may earn, then surely her disadvantage does not reflect a deliberate intention to do her down; and, therefore, it does not reflect a failure of the mutual regard that ought to obtain between citizens. She may be the victim of bad luck; but not, according to this view, of a lack of the respect that is due to her as an equal. The ethos of democratic mutual regard does not, so this argument claims, necessarily point us beyond the rather formal conception of equal opportunity espoused by libertarians and near-libertarian advocates of limited government.

If our deliberations on this are guided, as they should be, by the ethos of democratic mutual regard, then the relevant presumption should be the moral presumption that each citizen has equal standing and, as such, a presumptively equal right to see her opportunity interests satisfied. 28 It is movement away from this baseline that carries the burden of special justification, not movement towards it. But perhaps this burden of special justification is one that the critic can bear. A libertarian critic might argue that we should eschew egalitarian institutions because of their likely cost to individual liberty.

Which goods are relevant to assessing whether, or how far, equality of opportunity obtains? The question we really need to start with, I think, is this: What should citizens have equal opportunity for? What interests are (or ought to be) fundamentally at stake when we speak of equality of opportunity? There is a tendency to think of equality of opportunity in terms of the relative access citizens enjoy to specific goods such as education and employment. This is not exactly wrong, but it does not fully capture the interests that are fundamentally at stake.

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The Civic Minimum: On the Rights and Obligations of Economic Citizenship (Oxford Political Theory) by Stuart White


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