Robert Holland, Diana Markides's The British and the Hellenes: Struggles for Mastery in the PDF
By Robert Holland, Diana Markides
The Greek insurrection opposed to Turkish rule within the 1820s, and the consequent institution of an self sufficient Hellenic state, was once the primary precursor of an age of nationalism within the jap Mediterranean international. among the nice Powers, nice Britain thereafter performed the main severe position in struggles to extend the frontiers of Greece past their before everything limited quantity. via a spotlight on occasions resulting in the cession of the Ionian Islands to Greece in 1864, the customarily bloody means of Cretan unification climaxing in 1913, the adhesion of the Dodecanese to Greece in 1948, and the travails of British colonial rule in Cyprus via to independence in 1960, the publication develops a comparative evaluation of serious Britain's engagements with the trendy Hellenic event. on the middle of a number of the issues lined via this quantity is the interplay among inner and exterior forces shaping the futures of divided island societies. In exploring the ensuing styles the authors offer an unique perception into the political and social morphology of the japanese Mediterranean. even though the vital context is supplied by means of Anglo-Hellenic family members, the character of the struggles necessitate an in depth cognizance to Ottoman decline and post-Ottoman succession, nice strength rivalries, ethnic and communal disintegration, the early background of foreign peace-keeping, and decolonization after 1945. In tracing those preoccupations, the customarily overlooked value of the japanese Mediterranean is extra effectively located with regards to British authority in another country and its limits. even if the coverage technique is punctiliously charted, the fundamental difficulty is with struggles of mastery inside of islands the place Britons and Greeks, among others, came upon themselves usually at odds. In evoking the engagement among British energy and Hellenic nationalism, a clean viewpoint is given to the trendy historical past of the jap Mediterranean, and the Balkan and close to japanese worlds to which they have been in detail attached.
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Additional info for The British and the Hellenes: Struggles for Mastery in the Eastern Mediterranean 1850-1960
Ibid. ⁶¹ This warning had a special twist. Hitherto the Greek Church had not been in the forefront of appeals for union. The ambivalence was natural, since union might mean a similar fate for the Ionian clergy as had befallen the Church in Greece after 1830, their loyalty to the ecumenical patriarchate undermined, and clerical income subjected to state taxation. Yet to remain aloof from popular enthusiams also carried dangers, and the police informed Gladstone that in Zante the Archbishop and clergy now intended to take the lead in the unionist demonstration being planned.
Knowing no Greek himself, however, he turned to a distinguished Ionian standing nearby and asked what he had thought of the address. ’ the courteous Ionian responded. ’⁶⁶ There is in this something of the delicious comedy which, then and later, was also part and parcel of the Anglo-Hellenic encounter, but where—as in the Gladstonian mission—the plain meaning of words was vital, such potential obfuscation served to compound the difﬁculties. Religion was a still more important variable than language.
Overall, Gladstone’s belief in religious leadership as a source of ‘moderation’ in Ionian public life gradually dissipated as the mission proceeded, just as the Greek hierarchy was forced to react to the changing dynamics of their own circumstances. So engaged, indeed, had Gladstone now become in Ionian problems that even in Athens—according to George Finlay, who met him in the household of the British minister Sir Thomas Wyse—he ‘felt himself bound to devote all his . . ⁷¹ Considering the attractions of the ancient sites in the vicinity (somewhat offset by blustery weather) this was, perhaps, a nice comment on where Gladstone’s real fascinations always lay.
The British and the Hellenes: Struggles for Mastery in the Eastern Mediterranean 1850-1960 by Robert Holland, Diana Markides