The 1997 Municipal Elections in Bosnia and Herzegovina: An - download pdf or read online
By H. Schmeets
On thirteen and 14 September 1997, municipal elections came about in Bosnia and Herzegovina. This ebook greatly covers the findings of the 363 foreign observers on either polling days. have been the elections `free and fair'? What did the observers list concerning the situations, approaches and safeguard measurements on the polling stations? Which events saw the elections, and why? How did the election method and the vote count number evaluate to the 1996 elections?
This booklet offers a local profile and descriptions particular difficulties within the a number of kinds of polling stations. The commentary technique and layout of the remark reviews are mentioned. ultimately, techniques are made for the impending 1998 election observations, and destiny missions. The booklet can be of curiosity to scholars, students and others operating within the fields of commentary and research of elections, ethnic conflicts within the Balkans, and the function of foreign enterprises in democratisation and peace processes.
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Additional info for The 1997 Municipal Elections in Bosnia and Herzegovina: An Analysis of the Observations
On the screen we will fmd an overview of the written comments belonging to this 'yes' answer as well as all other information of this particular observation. This made it possible to combine the quantitative (the 'yes' 'no' answers) and qualitative approach (the written comments). 1 Form design related to the Copenhagen Commitments The "OSCE Commitments", agreed upon in Copenhagen in 1990, emphasise the importance of observers attending elections (see Annex 1). The OSCE Copenhagen Commitments can be summarised by seven keywords: equal, fair, secret, free, universal, transparent, and accountable (OSCE/ODIHR, 1998, p.
In the vicinity (50 meters of the main entrance to the station) campaigning material, such as election posters, was not allowed. Parties, coalitions and independent candidates had to remove all campaign material in the vicinity of the station 24 hours before the voting started. It was also forbidden for election campaigning to be broadcast within a polling station or within hearing distance of a station. These rules were violated in the vicinity of some stations, as observers noted campaigning at 5% of the stations observed.
And H. Schmeets (1998), Survey data collection methodology for election missions: how professional form design helps to control a survey (submitted to International Journal for Public Opinion Research). 29 The principle of accountability, however, refers only to the period after the elections and concerns elected people taking office. 2 The content of the form The design of the questionnaires was based on the experiences from earlier election obseIVations for the State Duma in Russia (1995), the Russian presidential elections (1996), the 1997 Parliamentary elections in Albania, and in particular the 1996 Bosnia-Herzegovina elections.
The 1997 Municipal Elections in Bosnia and Herzegovina: An Analysis of the Observations by H. Schmeets