Download PDF by Frederik C. Krebs: Stability and Degradation of Organic and Polymer Solar Cells
By Frederik C. Krebs
Natural photovoltaics (OPV) are a brand new iteration of sunlight cells with the aptitude to supply very brief strength pay again occasions, mechanical flexibility and considerably reduce creation expenses in comparison to conventional crystalline photovoltaic structures. A weak spot of OPV is their comparative instability in the course of operation and this can be a severe sector of study in the direction of the profitable improvement and commercialization of those 3rd iteration sun cells.
Covering either small molecule and polymer sun cells, Stability and Degradation of natural and Polymer sun Cells summarizes the cutting-edge knowing of balance and gives an in depth research of the mechanisms through which degradation happens. Following an introductory bankruptcy which compares diverse photovoltaic applied sciences, the ebook specializes in OPV degradation, discussing the starting place and characterization of the instability and describing measures for extending the period of operation.
Topics coated include:
- Chemical and actual probes for learning degradation
- Imaging recommendations
- Photochemical balance of OPV fabrics
- Degradation mechanisms
- Testing equipment
- Barrier expertise and purposes
Stability and Degradation of natural and Polymer sunlight Cells is an important reference resource for researchers in academia and undefined, engineers and brands engaged on OPV layout, improvement and implementation.
Chapter 1 the several PV applied sciences and the way They Degrade (pages 1–16): Frederik C. Krebs
Chapter 2 Chemical and actual Probes for learning Degradation (pages 17–38): Birgitta Andreasen and Kion Norrman
Chapter three Imaging strategies for learning OPV balance and Degradation (pages 39–70): Marco Seeland, Roland Rosch and Harald Hoppe
Chapter four Photochemical balance of fabrics for OPV (pages 71–108): Matthieu Manceau, Agnes Rivaton and Jean?Luc Gardette
Chapter five Degradation of Small?Molecule?Based OPV (pages 109–142): Martin Hermenau, Moritz Riede and Karl Leo
Chapter 6 Degradation of Polymer?Based OPV (pages 143–162): Mikkel Jorgensen and Frederik C. Krebs
Chapter 7 attempt apparatus for OPV balance (pages 163–191): Olivier Haillant
Chapter eight Characterization and Reporting of OPV equipment Lifetime (pages 193–241): Suren A. Gevorgyan
Chapter nine centred gentle for natural Photovoltaics (pages 243–267): Thomas Tromholt
Chapter 10 Barrier know-how and purposes (pages 269–329): Lars M??ller?Meskamp, John Fahlteich and Frederik C. Krebs
Chapter eleven precis and Outlook (pages 331–332): Frederik C. Krebs
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Extra info for Stability and Degradation of Organic and Polymer Solar Cells
13:289–299. , Vigil-Gal´an, O. (2009) CdTe solar cell degradation studies with the use of CdS as the window material. Sol. Energy. Mater. Sol. Cells. 93:79–84.  Hegedus, S. , McCandless, B. E. (2005) CdTe contacts for CdTe/CdS solar cells: effect of Cu thickness, surface preparation and recontacting on device performance and stability. Sol. Energy Mater. Sol. Cells. 88:75–95. , Compaan, A. , Rose, D. H. (2000) Photoluminescence of Cu-doped CdTe and related stability issues in CdS/CdTe solar cells.
1 is that when the operating temperature for a solar cell is much lower than the processing temperature the stability generally seems to be larger. Also, the more degrees of freedom that there are in the constitution the more sources of degradation are found. While this corroborates well with the observation that the newer the generation the more challenges there are with ensuring operative stability, it does not mean that it is fundamentally impossible to make a polymer solar cell that will work well for 25 years.
Lund, T. (2007) An investigation of the photosubstitution reaction between N719-dyed nanocrystalline TiO2 particles and 4-tert-butylpyridine. J. Photochem. Photobiol. A: Chem. 187:348–355. -A. (2006) Solid-state dye-sensitized solar cell: improved performance and stability using a plasticized polymer electrolyte. J. Photochem. Photobiol. A: Chem. 181:226–232. , Tributsch, H. (2005) Role of nanochemical environments in porous TiO2 in photocurrent efﬁciency and degradation in dye sensitized solar cells.
Stability and Degradation of Organic and Polymer Solar Cells by Frederik C. Krebs