Social Welfare and Individual Responsibility (For and by David Schmidtz PDF
By David Schmidtz
The difficulty of social welfare and person accountability has develop into a subject matter of foreign public debate lately as politicians worldwide now query the legitimacy of state-funded welfare courses. David Schmidtz and Robert Goodin debate the moral benefits of person as opposed to collective accountability for welfare. David Schmidtz argues that social welfare coverage may still organize humans for liable maturity instead of attempt to make that pointless. Robert Goodin argues opposed to the individualization of welfare coverage and expounds the virtues of collective accountability.
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Extra info for Social Welfare and Individual Responsibility (For and Against)
In each case, we report the percentage supporting higher spending and taxes among those under and over sixtyfive years old and we calculate a generation gap. The results are easy to summarize: Seniors are 15 percent less supportive of educational spending than younger respondents. The results show remarkable consistency and display a pattern that is virtually identical, even when question wording varies substantially. ” We see the same pattern in 1965 as we do in the 1970s and in the 1990s. Published research leads to exactly the same conclusion.
These require as well a consideration of public preferences or, as economists often call it, “taste” for educational spending. We demonstrate in chapter 3 that dozens of public opinion polls conducted in various states and nationally show consistently that most people want to spend more on 10 ten thousand DEMOCRACIES the public schools and support for increased spending has risen dramatically during the past three decades. Further, we demonstrate that there are important differences in the demographic profile of higher and lower spenders that are also consistent across many state and national polls.
In addition, we seek to understand how two key interests—teacher unions and elderly voters—are also able to influence policies in ways that may thwart or reinforce the preferences of the majority of citizens. , Miller and Stokes 1963; Erikson, Wright, and McIver 1993; Page and Shapiro 1992). Public opinion is treated as a cause (an independent variable) of local spending levels (our primary dependent variable). If districts containing more pro-spending citizens actually spend more than economically similar districts with more low-tax citizens, we will conclude that governments are responsive to their citizens’ preferences.
Social Welfare and Individual Responsibility (For and Against) by David Schmidtz