Yongxiang Lu's Science & Technology in China: A Roadmap to 2050: Strategic PDF
By Yongxiang Lu
This normal file, subsidized by means of the chinese language Academy of Sciences, offers a breathtaking state of affairs for China's modernization force to 2050. It analyzes the evolution and legislation governing the improvement of technology and expertise, describes the decisive effect of technological know-how and expertise at the modernization procedure, predicts that the realm is at the eve of an forthcoming S&T revolution, and demands China to be absolutely ready for this new around of S&T development. in response to its certain research of the calls for on S&T innovation in China's modernization, it attracts a framework for 8 uncomplicated and strategic structures of socio-economic improvement with the aid of technological know-how and know-how, works out China's S&T roadmaps for the correct 8 uncomplicated and strategic platforms in accordance with China's fact, extra info S&T tasks of strategic significance to China's modernization, and gives S&T decision-makers with finished consultations for the advance of S&T innovation in line with China's truth. Supported through illustrations and tables of information, the final file offers researchers, executive officers or even marketers with suggestions bearing on learn instructions, the making plans technique, and funding. It additionally serves as a preamble for the eighteen unique field-specific stories of the committees assigned to craft roadmaps for every sphere of improvement. based in 1949, the chinese language Academy of Sciences is the nation's optimum educational establishment within the average sciences. Its significant obligations are to behavior study in simple and technological sciences, to adopt national built-in surveys on ordinary assets and ecological atmosphere, to supply the rustic with clinical facts and consultations for government's decision-makings, to adopt government-assigned initiatives with reference to key S&T difficulties within the technique of socio-economic improvement, to start up group of workers education, and to advertise China's high-tech organizations via its energetic engagement in those components.
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Extra resources for Science & Technology in China: A Roadmap to 2050: Strategic General Report of the Chinese Academy of Sciences
Steam engine was made to drain in mine at first. Till the 17th century, coal became important fuel in Britain and drainage was a main factor to restrict output of coal. In 1698, T. Savery invented a steam driven water pump, Miner’s Friend, which was further improved by T. Newcomen, and initially solved the problem of drainage in coal mining. In 1769, J. Watt made a great improvement in Newcomen’s steam engine and overcame such shortages as big size, high consumption of coal and low thermal efficiency; and in 1781, Watt invented revolving steam engine.
In terms of agriculture, it will enter into the ecological, highly efficient and sustainable development age. It will not only keep its traditional role to guarantee food safety and national economy, but also take the new missions to alleviate global energy crisis, providing diverse demand and creating a better ecological environment. To achieve this, research breakthroughs must be made to deal with such basic S&T problems as: processes and mechanisms for evolutionary biodiversity, basic sciences and methods for effective breeding, interaction mechanism and control methods among nutrients, soil, water, light, temperature and plants, scientific theory for sustainable land use, the response of agriculture to global change, and food and nutritional structural evolution.
This promoted the development of the Internet. In 1993, the USA initiated Information Superhighway Plan, which drew the attention of many countries. It also tremendously changed people’s ways of working, learning, shopping and living. Nowadays, the Internet era is transferring into the “Post-IP” era. Right before the World War II, scientists discovered neutron and the fission chain reaction through experiments, and calculated that uranium fission could produce enormous energy. Governments in Germany, Britain, the USA and the former 1 The World is at the Eve of a New S&T Revolution · 19 · Roadmap 2050 into an electric era, in which employment structure and living style had tremendous changes.
Science & Technology in China: A Roadmap to 2050: Strategic General Report of the Chinese Academy of Sciences by Yongxiang Lu