New PDF release: Sacred Tears: Sentimentality in Victorian Literature
By Fred Kaplan
An soaking up research of the evolution of sentiment in Victorian lifestyles and literatureWhat is sentimentality, and the place did it come from? For acclaimed pupil and biographer Fred Kaplan, the seeds have been planted by way of the British ethical philosophers of the eighteenth century. The Victorians received from them a thought of human nature, a trust within the innateness of benevolent ethical instincts; sentiment, in flip, emerged as a collection of shared ethical emotions against either clinical realism and the extra ego-driven energies of Romanticism. Sacred Tears investigates the profound ways that seminal writers Charles Dickens, William Makepeace Thackeray, and Thomas Carlyle have been motivated by means of the philosophies of David Hume and Adam Smith, and by way of novelists of a similar interval. Exploring sentiment in its unique context—one usually forgotten or overlooked—Kaplan's research is a stimulating fusion of highbrow background and literary feedback, and holds no small value for questions of artwork and morality as they exist this present day.
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Additional info for Sacred Tears: Sentimentality in Victorian Literature
Of Kipling Eliot wrote in 1941: He might almost be called the first citizen of India. And his relation to India determines that about him which is the most important thing about a man, his religious attitude. It is an attitude of comprehensive tolerance. He is not an unbeliever-on the contrary, he can accept all faiths: that of the Moslem, that of the Hindu, that of the Buddhist, Parsee or Jain, even (through the historical imagination) that of Mithra: if his understanding of Christianity is less affectionate, that is due to his Anglo-Saxon background-and no doubt he saw enough in India of clergy such as Mr.
In a sense, his answer is the book itself, for it is the best thing he ever wrote. IRVI~G IIOWE The Pleasures of Kim That sense of evil which for cultivated people has become a mark of wisdom and source of pride, indeed, the very sun of their sunless world, is not a frequent presence in the pages of Kim, and when it does appear it can rarely trouble us with either its violence or grasp. We are inclined these days to exalt the awareness of evil into a kind of appreciation. We find it hard to suppose that a serious writer could turn his back upon the malignity at the heart of things; we urge it as a criticism of writers like Emerson and Whitman that they arc weak in the awareness of evil, as if nature had denied them a necessary faculty.
But for the dynamic of the novel itself, for the inner development of Kim, it would not matter decisively. The Secret Service, rather than a secret underground, is what Kipling's experience made available to him at a fairly superficial plane of consciousness; it is a given of the world in which he grew up, the India of his youth, and it is not, one notes with gratitude, subjected to any quick "purification" by virtue of Kim's service to the lama. All that the Gamethe Secret Service and its prep-school hijinks-need really do is to embody the Wheel of Things, that terrestrial "illusion" which the first portion of the book has shown to be the substance of delight.
Sacred Tears: Sentimentality in Victorian Literature by Fred Kaplan