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By David M. Kaplan
The 1st book-length remedy of Paul Ricoeur's belief of philosophy as severe concept.
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Extra resources for Ricoeur's Critical Theory
They differ only in emphasis: phenomenology is geared to uncovering the structural, universal charater of experience, whereas hermeneutics is geared to uncovering the historic, particular character of experience. Unfortunately, Ricoeur’s methodological commitment to remain faithful to both Husserlian and Heideggerian orthodoxy obscures what is similar and different between the two. , respecting the integrity and autonomy of each philosophical position) may have prevented him from more clearly reformulating a nontranscendental, nonidealistic, hermeneutic conception of phenomenology—or rather a conception of hermeneutics that does not forget Husserl.
Each illocutionary act is a kind of question. To assert something is to expect agreement, just as to give an order is to expect obedience” (INT 15). Discourse is a dialogical, communicative speech performance whereby a speaker and hearer use language to achieve any number or goals, ends, and tasks. The event of discourse is the shared experience of dialogue. At the same time, the communication of meaning transcends the event of its production. The surpassing of the event in the meaning is what Ricoeur calls the “intentional exteriorization” of discourse.
Creative language is often more revealing than descriptive language; some things are best said or described creatively or metaphorically. The world of the text is distanced from the everyday world. But by pointing beyond the everyday world by projecting new possibilities, the text points back to the everyday world and presents new ways to be in the world. History, like fiction, similarly projects an absent world that invites us to question our present world. Therein lies the critical dimension of poetic and fictional discourse that is unavailable to descriptive discourse.
Ricoeur's Critical Theory by David M. Kaplan