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Ami Ayalon's Reading Palestine: Printing and Literacy, 1900-1948 PDF

Posted On April 20, 2018 at 2:54 am by / Comments Off on Ami Ayalon's Reading Palestine: Printing and Literacy, 1900-1948 PDF

By Ami Ayalon

ISBN-10: 0292705794

ISBN-13: 9780292705791

ISBN-10: 029270593X

ISBN-13: 9780292705937

ISBN-10: 0292797362

ISBN-13: 9780292797369

Prior to the 20 th century, Arab society in Palestine was once predominantly illiterate, with so much social and political actions performed via oral verbal exchange. there have been no printing presses, no booklet or periodical creation, and no written symptoms in public locations. yet a groundswell of swap swiftly raised the region's literacy charges, a desirable transformation explored for the 1st time in Reading Palestine.

Addressing an exhilarating element of center jap historical past in addition to the facility of the broadcast observe itself, Reading Palestine describes how this moved quickly technique intensified the function of literacy in each sphere of group existence. Ami Ayalon examines Palestine's improvement of a latest academic approach together with the emergence of a print undefined, libraries and examining golf equipment, and the influence of print media on city and rural populations. Drawn from broad archival resources, authentic reviews, autobiographies, and a wealthy trove of early Palestinian journalism, Reading Palestine offers an important perception into the dynamic upward thrust of literacy that revolutionized the way in which Palestinians navigated turbulent political waters.

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Accounts by foreign observers, recording what they considered curious Middle Eastern habits, frequently bear useful allusions. All of these may be complemented, for recent decades, by a focused gathering of oral testimonies. Finally, photographs, present in the Middle East since the mid-nineteenth century, contain pleasant surprises for the probing scholar—from evidence on the existence of texts in public places, such as shop signs and bulletin boards, to scenes of newspaper reading in cafés. None of these sources is sufficient in itself for this kind of inquiry, and all too often they are too patchy or shaky to teach us much.

75% of all private schools at the beginning of the period, c. 20 The number of students in private schools had reached a total of c. 44,000 by 1945 –1946, about twothirds of them Christian and the rest mostly Muslim. 21 These achievements did not result from British initiative alone. 1. Development of Arab Education in Palestine, 1914 –1948 Arabb Population Year Schools Teachers 19141, 1920 –1921 1,600,000 d Private Schools State Schools 595 1,236 Pupils Schools Teachers Total Pupils Schools Teachers Pupils 118,250 500a 1,719 12,150b 595a 1,955c 120,400b a b a c 130,674b 1,660,000 244 1,525 116,442 181 1,802 14,239 425 1930 –1931 1,850,000 308 1,744 124,288 318a 1,680 21,603b 626a 2,424c 145,891b 1940 –1941 1,100,000 403 1,364 154,645 377a 1,780 35,165b 780a 3,924c 189,810b 1945 –1946 1,250,000 514 2,156 181,042 313a 1,900e 43,883b 827a 4,056c 124,925b 1947–1948 1,300,000 555 2,700 103,000 — — — — — — Sources: Tibawi, Education, pp.

It may well have been widespread. 30 liter acy and education The difference between acquiring the ability to recite the Holy Book, or even read parts of it, and acquiring the skill of independent reading and writing is of far-reaching significance. The distinction is sometimes blurred by the fact that the Qur an—the text that usually served for training in both spheres—is written and vocalized in the language of the Arabs. 40 But even for Arabic-speaking communities, the language of the Qur an represents a different quality, indeed largely a different language, from the spoken idiom.

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Reading Palestine: Printing and Literacy, 1900-1948 by Ami Ayalon

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