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By Robert E., Ph.D. Smith
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Extra info for Pomegranate: Botany, Postharvest Treatment, Biochemical Composition and Health Effects
Often, there are more than 300 stamens per flower. They have orange-red filaments and ―yellow bilocular anthers that remain attached to the prominent calyx‖ . There are also nectaries (gland-like organs that secrete nectar) that are located between the stamens and the ovary base [1, 2]. There are a variable number of carpels, but are usually ―eight superimposed in two whorls‖ . ―They form a syncarpic ovary and are arranged in two layers‖ . The flowers need three to five hours to complete anthesis [1, 3].
Pomegranate trees start producing flowers about one month after buds break on newly developed branches, mostly on spurs or short branches . ―Solitary flowers can emerge, as can pairs or clusters of them. In most cases, the solitary flowers will appear on spurs along the branches, while the clusters are on the end. In the northern hemisphere, flowering occurs in April and May, but may continue until end of summer, especially in young trees. Such flowers are fertile, but the fruit will not properly mature as trees enter the cooler dormant season in Mediterranean climates.
POSTHARVEST TREATMENT The postharvest biology and technology of pomegranates were reviewed recently [1, 13]. The highlights are summarized here. As mentioned previously, pomegranates are nonclimacteric fruits. After the fruits are picked, they continue to respire at a low rate that can remain low when refrigerated . ―The respiration rate can be made to increase for a short time by exposing the fruits to ethylene. This does not last long and does not affect the fruit color, TSS, pH or titratable acidity.
Pomegranate: Botany, Postharvest Treatment, Biochemical Composition and Health Effects by Robert E., Ph.D. Smith