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Next Generation Intelligent Optical Networks - From Access - download pdf or read online

Posted On April 21, 2018 at 4:45 am by / Comments Off on Next Generation Intelligent Optical Networks - From Access - download pdf or read online

By Stamatios Kartalopoulos

ISBN-10: 0387717552

ISBN-13: 9780387717555

ISBN-10: 0387717560

ISBN-13: 9780387717562

This can be the 1st publication, to the simplest of my wisdom, which bridges disjoint subject matters, optical networks and community protection. It presents a accomplished remedy of the subsequent new release optical community and a entire remedy of cryptographic algorithms, the quantum optical community, together with complex themes equivalent to teleponation, and the way detection and countermeasure ideas can be used. accordingly, we think that this publication differentiates from many others and provides a holistic method of the remedy of safe optical networks, together with fiber to the house (FTTH) and loose area optical (FSO).

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Extra resources for Next Generation Intelligent Optical Networks - From Access to Backbone (Stamatios V. Kartalopoulos, 2008)

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Transports megabits and gigabits per second, which is expandable to terabits; links without repeaters that are many times longer (than twisted copper); uses thinner cable (than twisted copper)/per GHz; and is easy to amplify, retime, and reshape. • Standardized protocols allow for multi-vendor compatibility and interoperability. • Technical personnel became well accustomed with the network and with maintenance procedures. • Although a young technology, it is future proofed and is expected to increase cost-efficiency as it matures.

23. The GMII provides physical layer independence so that the same MAC can be used for any media and it supports 10, 100, and 1,000 Mbps data rates for backward compatibility. It also includes signals such as management data clock and management data input–output and basic and extended (which is optional) registers. The registers are used for auto-negotiations, power down, loop-back, PHY reset, duplex/half-duplex selection, and others. The Reconciliation sub-layer in the transmit direction maps service primitives or physical layer signaling (PLS) from the MAC to MGII, and vice versa in the receive direction.

The transport overhead consists of two parts: the section overhead and the line overhead. The section overhead consists of row 1 to row 4 and column1 to column 3, Fig. 5: • A1 and A2 = framing pattern for each STS-1. Their hexadecimal value is 0×F628 {1111 0110 0010 1000}. A1, A2 are not scrambled. • C1 = STS-1 ID. It is defined for each STS-1. • B1 = error monitoring. It is calculated over all bytes of the previous frame before scrambling and placed in current frame before scrambling. • E1 = a 64 Kbps voice communication channel; an STS-N that consists of N STS-1s; it is defined for the first (#1) STS-1 only.

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Next Generation Intelligent Optical Networks - From Access to Backbone (Stamatios V. Kartalopoulos, 2008) by Stamatios Kartalopoulos


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