Read e-book online Migrant Women Professionals in the European Union PDF
By Monika Zulauf
Within the Nineteen Nineties, development in women's employment within the ecu remained small. This ebook seems on the stumbling blocks confronted by means of ladies within the nursing and banking professions once they migrate among member states. Basing her research at the own bills of migrants, and discussions with colleagues and regulatory our bodies in Britain, Germany and Spain, the writer sheds mild on one of many significant demanding situations confronting the european.
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Extra info for Migrant Women Professionals in the European Union
Although gender inequalities in access to school education have been reduced significantly, there are still considerable inequalities in access to occupational training. The dual systems theory suggests an analysis of capitalism and patriarchy for the evaluation of women’s position in the labour (Walby 1986, 1990). In Walby’s view, the constant conflict over the use of female labour is the inevitable outcome of competing interests within the systems of capitalism and patriarchy over female labour.
Lower-level professional and technical jobs, which to date have provided upward mobility for many women, however, may be downgraded or eliminated. For large numbers of skilled women, opportunities for advancement to middle management may therefore be few due to the absence of many such jobs. Highly skilled jobs are likely to experience a growing intake of women. However, technological and organizational changes may reduce the number of such jobs and may re-segregate the lower categories as ‘female’ jobs, possibly leading to a downward reclassification of such posts (Barran and Teegarden 1987; Kuhn and Bluestone; Handy 1989).
One of the most important barriers in access to foreign labour markets is probably lack of language skills and ability. The European Convention on Human Rights prohibits discrimination on various grounds, including language and national origin. The legal definition of the language ability required for particular jobs is, however, vague and has resulted in differing interpretations among member states (Hurwitz 1990: 20). Both neoclassical and structural theories on the division of labour also note the importance of behavioural factors that exclude many migrant workers from jobs and upward mobility on the basis of ethnicity and accent.
Migrant Women Professionals in the European Union by Monika Zulauf