Jainism: An Introduction - download pdf or read online
By Jeffery D. Long
Jainism conjures up photos of priests donning face-masks to guard bugs and mico-organisms from being inhaled. Or of Jains sweeping the floor in entrance of them to make sure that dwelling creatures should not inadvertently overwhelmed: a tradition of non-violence so radical as to defy effortless comprehension. but for all its obvious exoticism, Jainism remains to be little understood within the West. what's this mysterious philosophy which originated within the sixth century BCE, whose absolute requirement is vegetarianism, and which now instructions a following of 4 million adherents either in its local India and diaspora groups around the globe? In his welcome new therapy of the Jain faith, lengthy makes an historical culture totally intelligible to the fashionable reader. Plunging again greater than and a part millennia, to the plains of northern India and the lifetime of a prince who--much just like the Buddha--gave up a lifetime of luxurious to pursue enlightenment, lengthy strains the historical past of the Jain group from founding sage Mahavira to the current day. He explores asceticism, worship, the lifetime of the Jain layperson, kinfolk among Jainism and different Indic traditions, the Jain philosophy of relativity, and the results of Jain beliefs for the modern global. The ebook offers Jainism in a manner that's actual and fascinating to experts and non-specialists alike.
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Extra resources for Jainism: An Introduction
Women – Mallinātha and Mahāvīra’s mother, Triśalā – are depicted as achieving moksa. And, as discussed earlier, Mahāvīra is represented as engaging in speech and other normal activities after his nirvāna. Although the names Śvetāmbara and Digambara refer to the clothing worn (or, in the case of the Digambaras, not worn) by their respective ascetics, the laypersons making up the vast majority of Jains of both sects also refer to themselves using this terminology. The average Śvetāmbara or Digambara Jain is a layperson, and not an ascetic: white-clad or otherwise.
And then there are of course the Jain sādhus and sādhvīs, or monks and nuns, who have practically no material possessions to speak of, and who live a life of deliberate simplicity and nonviolence. Indeed, the strict commitment to ahimsā, or nonviolence, which the Jain monks and nuns embody, is the source of another stereotype of the Jains as a whole: that all Jains wear a face-mask to avoid accidentally ingesting insects, or that they carefully sweep the ground free of insects to avoid treading upon them as they walk.
Although the names Śvetāmbara and Digambara refer to the clothing worn (or, in the case of the Digambaras, not worn) by their respective ascetics, the laypersons making up the vast majority of Jains of both sects also refer to themselves using this terminology. The average Śvetāmbara or Digambara Jain is a layperson, and not an ascetic: white-clad or otherwise. It is not clear precisely when or how these two groups separated, but the schism occurred some time before the second century of the Common Era, and may have been a gradual process.
Jainism: An Introduction by Jeffery D. Long