Integrated sand management for effective hydrocarbon flow - download pdf or read online
By Babs Oyeneyin
This Handbook provides strategies to the elemental matters linked to wells and reservoirs experiencing sanding difficulties, specifically in deepwater environments.
Sand administration is an enormous problem for the petroleum because it extends its exploration actions to new frontiers. hard extremely deepwater, excessive Pressure-High Temperature (HP-HT) and Arctic environments require engineers to drill extra advanced wells and deal with extra advanced reservoirs, nearly all of that are liable to titanic sand production.
Covering such basics as the way to maximize person wells and box improvement functionality, in addition to tips on how to reduce operational expense, non-productive time and warrantly circulate coverage around the complete composite creation method from reservoirs during the wellbore to the topside and movement traces, this guide explains that the most important problem dealing with operators is the lack of sand administration group of workers and is helping businesses become aware of the worth in their assets.
- Reference for wisdom move and abilities improvement in sand administration for powerful circulation insurance
- Emphasis on HP-HT and deepwater environments
- Meets the wishes of recent and practicing engineers alike in addition to non-technical group of workers helping the offshore industry
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Additional resources for Integrated sand management for effective hydrocarbon flow assurance
Size distribution/sorting Shape These properties are important for detailed sedimentological studies and definition of appropriate footprint for sand control design. 17. com). 9. Textural properties can be computed using the following equations: 1. 2 Elastic or Geomechanical Properties The important geomechanical properties determine how much a rock system will deform under a given external or internal pressure. Key properties include: l l l l Poisson ratio Bulk modulus Shear modulus Compressive strength Relevance The properties are very important in: a.
The deepwater environment can be categorised into three main depth tiers; namely: l l l Deep – Tier I l 500-2000 m of water depth Very Deepwater Depths – Tier II l 2000-3000 m of water depth. These represent the current new exploration frontiers. Ultra Deepwater – Tier III l Greater than 3000 m of water depth At these water depths, the sea-bed temperatures can be as low as 100 °F, with major challenges for flow assurance with cold flow of produced fluid and impacts on material integrity. In these environments the lithologies are more complex, with variable pore pressure gradients and very narrow pore pressure-frac pressure window.
Examples include gas lift, down-hole pumping using electric submersible pumping (ESP), hydraulic down-hole pumping, sucker rob pumping, or jet pumping. 3 Reservoir Flow Dynamics There are three basic types of flow describing the flow dynamics in a reservoir: 1. Unsteady-state flow 2. Steady-state flow 3. Semi-steady state flow 1. Unsteady-state Flow As a reservoir is depleted, the volume is continuously changing. This is accompanied by continuous change in fluid composition, properties, pressure, and interaction with the host rock.
Integrated sand management for effective hydrocarbon flow assurance by Babs Oyeneyin