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By Alan Woodside, David Woodward, Coleman A. O'Flaherty
'Highways' is a complete textbook on all features of highway engineering, from the making plans phases via to the layout, building and upkeep of highway pavements. This new version, written by way of said specialists during this box of civil engineering, groups up with 'Transport making plans and site visitors Engineering' to develop into a valuable successor to O'Flaherty's vintage 'Highway Engineering' set. The content material has been elevated and punctiliously up to date to take account of recent advancements within the topic, making it crucial interpreting for college kids of civil engineering.
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Extra resources for Highways The Location Design Construction and Maintenance of Road Pavements
The parking problem is acute in most cities; thus it is generally desirable to locate new roads as close as possible to existing and planned parking facilities. Traffic congestion in existing streets can be alleviated (or accentuated) by judicious (or poor) locations of motorway on- and off-ramps. g. railway stations, docks and (on the outskirts of town) airports need good servicing by roads if the are to properly fulfil their functions. g. stormwater pipes and sewers, and water, gas and electric lines (and their related appurtenances), can pose severe planning and cost problems in a built-up area that affect road location and design.
In certain instances, however, it may be desirable to inspect the sites and, as necessary, carry out precursory subsurface investigations. The preliminary location survey is carried out to determine the alignment within the limited zone selected by the reconnaissance survey, and to obtain the physical data needed for the acquisition of land and the design of the bridge. e. at right angles to the stream, as this normally results in the cheapest construction cost. In practice, however, the approach that is often taken is first to secure the most favourable location 24 Highways and alignment for the new road and then, recognizing that the bridge is an integral and important part of the new road but not – unless the stream is very wide – the controlling one, seeking from the bridge engineer a bridge design that fits the road’s needs (rather than bending the road to fit the bridge’s needs).
The following are the general features of the final location survey; in relation to these requirements, however, it must be emphasized that many will already have been satisfied in earlier surveys, especially during the preliminary location stage. g. road junctions and bridge sites) and the alignments prescribed. In practice, however, this is not always possible and additional topographic data gathered at this stage may indicate that local deviations are necessary to better fit the centreline to the topography and/or to allow for previously-gathered incomplete or inaccurate data.
Highways The Location Design Construction and Maintenance of Road Pavements by Alan Woodside, David Woodward, Coleman A. O'Flaherty