Guardians of language : twenty voices through history by Florian Coulmas PDF
By Florian Coulmas
This e-book presents an available account of the origins and conceptual foundations of language coverage. Florian Coulmas discusses the impact of twenty intellectuals from medieval to fashionable instances, and from numerous cultures, who've taken factor with language, its use, improvement, and political power. those 'guardians of language' variety from well known figures akin to Dante, Noah Webster, and Gandhi, to much less recognized participants akin to the Spanish grammarian Antonio de Nebrija and Senegalese flesh presser and poet Leopold Sedar Senghor. every one bankruptcy starts through offering historical past info at the pupil whose paintings is being reviewed and ends with a precis of his key suggestions on language within the type of an imaginary interview.
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Extra resources for Guardians of language : twenty voices through history
Alcuin: Compilatio, the bringing together of the texts of the ancients, is the answer. Diligent study of the language must follow the example set by the Romans, Virgil, Horace, Priscian, Donatus, among others. ‘Those who seek to please God by rightfully living may not neglect to please Him also by correct speaking. ’8 Q: When we copy the Scriptures, should we duplicate the letters we ﬁnd on the pages? Alcuin: Do not reproduce barbarian mistakes. Only men in their mature age should copy the Scriptures, having studied the science of speaking and writing correctly.
He based his deliberations on what the vernacular is and should be on the foundation of a general theory of language, which to him (as Ferrante (1984: 311, passim) has demonstrated convincingly) was, like money, a means of exchange. Eloquence and commerce can serve different purposes; however, the wide variety of currencies—most cities had their own coins—threatened the common good and called for uniﬁcation and authentication, as did the diversity of regional vernaculars. On the basis of his review of extant varieties, Dante identiﬁed regional distribution, social distinction, and gender as relevant factors in the perennial change that is inherent in human language.
It consists of 571 chapters dealing with everything from sentence to place of articulation. In Jahn’s (1895/1900) translation the work covers more than 900 pages. Its presentation is systematic, working from larger to smaller elements of speech, because in Sibawayhi’s reasoning the smaller elements derive their meaning from larger 25 OUP CORRECTED PROOF – FINAL, 29/12/2015, SPi Sibawayhi ﺳﻴﺒﻮﻳﻪ ones and the sequence in which they occur. After an introductory section that lays down some general principles, the Kitab begins with syntax, followed by morphology and ﬁnally phonology.
Guardians of language : twenty voices through history by Florian Coulmas