Get From Meta-Ethics to Ethics An Overview of R. M. Hare’s Moral PDF
By Eleni M. Kalokairinou
This ebook brings out the way the 20th century thinker R. M. Hare has tried to wreck the impasse to which his modern ethical theories have been led, i.e. irrationalism and relativism. Taking his element of departure from those theories, he means that the logical principles we achieve from the linguistic research of ethical language may have implications at the normative point, which of their shape are in contract with the main of application. So he differs from his modern philosophers simply because he argues that we have interaction in ethical philosophy with the intention to clarifying and fixing the sensible difficulties we are facing in existence. during this experience he's an ardent defender of the sensible relevance of philosophy. Hare’s ethical account is heavily analyzed during this booklet and his major theses are proven not just for inner coherence but in addition for his or her means to withstand all rational feedback.
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Extra resources for From Meta-Ethics to Ethics An Overview of R. M. Hare’s Moral Philosophy
172. See LM, p. 164 ff. 34 FROM META-ETHICS TO ETHICS visit my aunt who is sick but let me not do it" which, according to Hare, is a statement of psychological fact and involves no logical contradiction. If the latter is the case, then his judgement "I ought to go and visit my aunt who is sick but let me not do it" retains its full prescriptive force and is, as we saw, logically contradictory. Hare's answer to the objection is accordingly that in all cases in which evaluative judgements do not entail imperatives, they are not used in their prescriptive force.
Things are slightly different in the case of Ethical Intuitionist theories. True, we get the truth conditions of a moral statement by appeal to a faculty of moral intuition. So when two people or two societies disagree, their moral opinions depend on whose moral intuitions they rely on. The difference between the Naturalistic and the Intuitionist theories is that whereas in the former we have different sets of truth conditions of a moral statement, in the latter we have only one set of truth conditions, the one determined by the appeal to the faculty of intuition.
In a similar manner, Hare contends, in the case of Subjective Naturalistic theories when two societies or two people disagree about a certain issue, then the truth conditions of the moral statement are determined by virtue of the feelings of approval or disapproval or the attitudes which the action or person under evaluation arouses in each party. Consequently, if one person claims that "Action X is wrong" and another person contends "Action X is not wrong", then the first says that action X, as a matter of psychological fact, arouses in him certain feelings of approval, whereas the second one says that action X, as a matter of psychological fact, arouses in him certain feelings of disapproval.
From Meta-Ethics to Ethics An Overview of R. M. Hare’s Moral Philosophy by Eleni M. Kalokairinou