Download PDF by Pietro Grilli di Cortona, Cecilia Manzi, Aline Pennisi,: Evaluation and Optimization of Electoral Systems
By Pietro Grilli di Cortona, Cecilia Manzi, Aline Pennisi, Federica Ricca, Bruno Simeone
This monograph deals a scientific quantitative method of the research, evaluate, and layout of electoral platforms. this day, electoral reform is of outrage to child democracies in addition to many aged ones. The authors use mathematical versions and automated approaches, while attainable, to unravel a number of the difficulties that come up within the comparability of current structures in addition to within the development of recent ones. One virtue of the e-book is the emphasis on unmarried- and multiple-criteria optimization equipment. This robust instrument equipment might help political researchers overview and select a suitable electoral procedure. A common formal version is incorporated in addition to a coding procedure to explain, establish, and classify electoral structures. assessment standards and the corresponding functionality signs are mentioned.
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Additional info for Evaluation and Optimization of Electoral Systems
We can refine the above notation by adding more detailed features. 0:" where the additional variable x is an abbreviation of the extended name. 3 these abbreviations are listed. The symbol "—>" separates any two consecutive electoral rounds. Within the same round, let the symbol "-<" represent priority and the symbol "," represent simultaneousness. For example, "dis -< reg" means that in a first phase some seats are assigned at district level, and in a second phase the remaining seats are assigned at regional level.
O runs onfy in district 3 while • runs in both districts 1 and 3. 6): All such subsets of candidates are called lists. If \Lij\ = 1, then L^ is called a unit list. 14 CHAPTER 2. UNIFIED DESCRIPTION OF ELECTORAL SYSTEMS Fig. 6. A list of candidates. Party Alliances and Cartels In several countries, and usually at the higher levels of the district tree T, parties are allowed to form alliances or coalitions for the purpose of seat assignment. In such case, seats are assigned to cartels or groups of lists involving allied parties.
CartM, nat. cart \ pro. MSL, pro. MSL pref \ disM \ pro. DH list \ disS \ maj. RM list \nat. cartM ~< dis. cartM \ pro. RM Chapter 3 The Performance of an Electoral System: Criteria and Indicators Electoral systems can be evaluated and compared on the basis of their general performance and consequences in terms of technical and political features. We are interested in defining appropriate criteria and indicators to test the behavior of different electoral systems and to identify the variables that influence the consequences of the electoral outcome on the political structure of a country.
Evaluation and Optimization of Electoral Systems by Pietro Grilli di Cortona, Cecilia Manzi, Aline Pennisi, Federica Ricca, Bruno Simeone