Jayadeva Uyangoda's Ethnic Conflict in Sri Lanka: Changing Dynamics (Policy PDF
By Jayadeva Uyangoda
Sri Lanka's ethnic clash has develop into protracted and intractable. The twenty 5- year-old civil battle has been interrupted a variety of occasions for a negotiated peace and political payment, but the clash has defied deescalation. All failed makes an attempt at negotiated peace have propelled the civil battle ahead with higher energy and depth. either conflict and peace seem to be jointly maintaining dimensions of a unmarried strategy of clash produced and sustained via defining dynamics: (1) severe festival for nation strength among state-seeking minority nationalism and state-asserting majority nationalism; and (2) the truth that the ethnic warfare has received relative autonomy from the political means of the ethnic clash. in contrast backdrop, makes an attempt at negotiated cost, without or with ceasefires, haven't in basic terms failed yet have redefined the clash. This examine means that early deescalation or a long term payment isn't attainable at the moment. a prolonged clash calls for a prolonged means of political transformation. because the query of nation energy is on the center of the clash, a reputable non permanent route to peace should still commence with negotiations that target at, and bring about, reconstituting country energy alongside ethnic traces. this may require a grand ethnic compromise between Sinhalese, Tamil, and Muslim elites, subsidized through the folk within the 3 major ethnic formations.
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Additional resources for Ethnic Conflict in Sri Lanka: Changing Dynamics (Policy Studies)
Thus in May 2003 the UNF government, in response to the LTTE’s request, produced a set of proposals for an interim administration. Dissatisfied with the extremely limited scope of powers, authority, and competence envisaged in these proposals, the LTTE asked the UNF government to formulate a fresh set. When the new proposals were announced in July 2003, there was only a marginal improvement over the UNF government’s May proposals. The LTTE then volunteered to prepare its own proposals for an interim administration.
At the elections, the UNF administration lost power to the new United People’s Freedom Alliance (UPFA), headed by President Kumaratunga. Peace negotiations have remained suspended for an extended period. Looking at the controversy surrounding the issue of interim administration from the perspective of the dynamics of conflict reproduction, a few significant points can be observed. The gulf between the minimalist and maximalist positions concerning even an interim settlement framework, held respectively by the Sinhalese ruling parties and the LTTE, was quite wide.
In contrast, the LTTE held that even an interim framework should go beyond the limits of Sri Lanka’s existing Constitution. 3 The LTTE also believed that for an interim administrative structure to be meaningful, it should have the political features of extensive regional autonomy, approximating an advanced form of federalism. The LTTE’s rationale for an interim administrative structure was based on a two-stage approach to a negotiated settlement. In this scheme, the first stage of a peace process should focus exclusively on a “normalization” agenda, not on political issues to “resolve” the conflict.
Ethnic Conflict in Sri Lanka: Changing Dynamics (Policy Studies) by Jayadeva Uyangoda