Download PDF by Dirk Leuffen: Differentiated Integration: Explaining Variation in the
By Dirk Leuffen
This cutting edge new textual content presents a state of the art advent to the examine of ecu integration, focusing centrally on explaining the differentiated personality of the ecu Union when it comes to coverage components, institutional improvement and geographical span.
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Extra resources for Differentiated Integration: Explaining Variation in the European Union
The Lisbon Treaty abolishes the ‘pillars’ in name, but continues to differentiate between policy-specific decisionmaking procedures. Finally, the EU has vastly expanded and differentiated its institutional relations with third countries since the early 1990s. The EEA, the Bilateral Agreements with Switzerland, Stabilization and Association Agreements with the Balkans, and the European Neighbourhood Policy extend EU rules and policies beyond EU borders. None of the developments that have brought about and sustained differentiation is likely to go away in the foreseeable future.
Horizontal differentiation is the variation in territorial extension across policies. Differentiation becomes visible when we move from aggregate data averaging across policy areas to disaggregated data for individual policies. 5 illustrates vertical integration for selected policy areas. Whereas we observe a deeper integration over time in all policy areas, it is also clear that there is marked variation in their level of centralization. The selected policies are representative for the more general trend of regulatory policy (economic freedoms, and occupational health and safety standards), foreign policy (external relations), internal policy (criminal/domestic security), and economic and monetary policy (monetary policy).
Voting rules’. g. deciding on policy by qualified majority or unanimity), or delegate decisionmaking authority to supranational institutions, such as the European Commission, the EP and the ECJ. Börzel (2005: 211) distinguishes six categories of depth that vary in terms of decision-making rules and the involvement of supranational organizations. 1 refers to the absence of any policy coordination at the EU level. In this instance, a policy is exclusively decided at the level of the state. Examples are taxation (since the EU has no independent right to tax), or certain aspects of research and education policy (where national or regional governments zealously guard their prerogatives, for instance, to fund universities, define university entrance requirements, or define school curricula).
Differentiated Integration: Explaining Variation in the European Union by Dirk Leuffen