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Get Democracy, Inequality and Corruption: Korea, Taiwan and the PDF

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By Jong-sung You

ISBN-10: 1107078407

ISBN-13: 9781107078406

During this comparative, ancient survey of 3 East-Asian democracies, Jong-sung You explores the correlation among inequality and corruption within the nations of South Korea, Taiwan and the Philippines. Drawing on a wealth of wealthy empirical study, he illustrates the ways that fiscal inequality can undermine democratic responsibility, thereby expanding the danger of clientelism and seize. Transcending the scope of corruption learn past monetary progress, this publication surveys why a few nations, just like the Philippines, have didn't scale down corruption and advance, when others equivalent to South Korea and Taiwan were extra winning. taking into consideration elements similar to the luck and failure of land reform, adaptations in social constitution, and commercial coverage, Jong-sung You presents a valid instance of the way comparative research should be hired to spot causal course and mechanisms in political technological know-how.

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Extra resources for Democracy, Inequality and Corruption: Korea, Taiwan and the Philippines Compared

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Chong and Gradstein (2007) and Apergis et al. (2010) suggest a mutually reinforcing relationship between inequality and institutional quality. Eric Uslaner (2008) and Bo Rothstein (2011) demonstrate the existence of a low trust-corruption-inequality trap. There does, however, exist a gap in the literature; it is not entirely clear whether inequality increases corruption, corruption increases inequality, or if both have a mutual effect on each other. While most existing studies of causes of corruption rely on cross-national analysis and other quantitative methods, these studies have all suffered from the difficult problem of endogeneity.

In particular, with regard to the causal effects of democracy and economic inequality on corruption, which is the focus of this study, previous cross-national studies have not clearly established causal directions and mechanisms. In order to overcome the weaknesses of previous studies in sorting out causal directions and mechanisms, it is important to clearly present a plausible theory and theory-based hypotheses before testing them empirically. In this book, I pay special attention to the effect of economic inequality on corruption in the context of democratic institutions.

Recent research on corruption in Nigeria, based on the in-depth interviews of thirty-two founders/CEOs of entrepreneurial firms, however, found that entrepreneurs were active perpetrators of bribery more frequently than they were victims of corrupt government agents (Ufere et al. 2012). Also, studies of Russia and other transition economies found that many firms were actively engaging in corruption “to shape the rules 28 Democracy, inequality and corruption of the game to their own advantage” (Hellman et al.

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Democracy, Inequality and Corruption: Korea, Taiwan and the Philippines Compared by Jong-sung You

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