Democracy and the Rule of Law - download pdf or read online
By José María Maravall, Adam Przeworski
A world staff of experts from the fields of legislation, politics, economics, and philosophy handle the query of why governments act or don't act in line with legislation. The authors interpret the guideline of legislation as a strategic collection of actors with robust pursuits, instead of as an exogenous constraint on politicians. the guideline of legislations emerges while no team is robust adequate to dominate the others, and political actors search to unravel their conflicts by means of recourse to legislation. legislations is hence deeply rooted in politics.
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Additional info for Democracy and the Rule of Law
10 Political rulers, in particular, behave morally only when they are forced. The “necessity” that forces rulers to be good, however, is less the prospect of rebellion than their need, given their ambitions, for social cooperation. The principal source of the political leverage of the poor and the weak, following this analysis, is the existence of violent foreign predators and land grabbers. Ultimately, the power and privileges of a society’s political and economic elite depend on that society’s tenuous hold upon a piece of real estate located in a perilous international environment.
By extending to previously disenfranchised groups the power to elect political representatives, a ruling elite can purchase the cooperation of ordinary citizens. That is how Machiavelli explains Rome’s remarkable success in expansion and annexation: the city expelled its haughty princes and granted property rights and political influence to the plebeians. Citizens will fight for a community in which they possess a palpable stake. Jumping across the centuries, we discover a similar argument made in similar words by Max Weber.
To increase the likelihood that the consuls would accept the authority of the dictator, the Roman “constitution” gave the consuls the right to choose the dictator. ”18 By extrapolating on this pungent reasoning, we discover a possible reason why, under certain conditions, rulers with the means of repression in their hands might voluntarily embrace an extension of the suffrage. Political rulers themselves are unlikely to ask, Why do political rulers submit themselves to constitutional restraints?
Democracy and the Rule of Law by José María Maravall, Adam Przeworski