Defeating Authoritarian Leaders in Postcommunist Countries by Valerie J. Bunce, Sharon L. Wolchik PDF
By Valerie J. Bunce, Sharon L. Wolchik
From 1998 to 2005, six elections happened in postcommunist Europe and Eurasia that had the unbelievable end result of empowering the competition and defeating authoritarian incumbents or their exact successors. Valerie J. Bunce and Sharon L. Wolchik examine those unforeseen electoral breakthroughs - with each other and with elections that had the extra average results of preserving authoritarian rule. They draw 3 conclusions. First, the competition used to be successful as a result of demanding and artistic paintings of a transnational community composed of neighborhood competition and civil society teams, individuals of the overseas democracy guidance neighborhood, and graduates of winning electoral demanding situations to authoritarian rule in different international locations. moment, the notable run of those disenchanted elections mirrored the facility of this community to diffuse an ensemble of leading edge electoral suggestions throughout nation barriers. ultimately, elections can function a robust mechanism for democratic swap. this can be specially the case while civil society is powerful, the move of political strength is thru constitutional capability, and competition leaders win with small mandates.
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Extra info for Defeating Authoritarian Leaders in Postcommunist Countries
Larry Diamond1 All of the elections of interest in this book took place in mixed regimes – that is, regimes that combine authoritarian politics with competition for political office. Our nine regimes also share a common past. Armenia, Azerbaijan, Belarus, Croatia, Georgia, Kyrgyzstan, Serbia, Slovakia, and Ukraine had all been republics nested within federal states during the communist era, and each one of these republics became an independent state in the early 1990s as a consequence of the collapse of communism and the dissolution of the Soviet Union, Yugoslavia, and Czechoslovakia.
For countries with multiple elections, data for 1995 and for the year prior to the first election are included. Economic Growth scores are an average of the two years prior to the pivotal election. Where there were multiple elections, scores are reported for both. Freedom House scores comprise political rights/civil liberties based on a scale of 1–7, with 1 indicating most free and 7 indicating most unfree. Scores are taken from the year prior to the pivotal election. In cases where there were multiple pivotal elections, the scores from the first elections are used.
Tarrow, and Charles Tilly, “Comparative Perspectives on Contentious Politics,” in Ideas, Interests and Institutions: Advancing Theory in Comparative Politics, second edition, ed. , Social Movements and Networks: Relational Approaches to Collective Action (Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2003). 44 See, for instance, Brinks and Coppedge, “Diffusion Is No Illusion”; Harvey Starr and Christina Lindborg, “Democratic Dominoes Revisited: The Hazards of Governmental 42 18 Part I. The Puzzle pronounced tendency of new democracies to “bunch” across time and space, with transitions from authoritarianism to democracy demonstrating strong regional effects.
Defeating Authoritarian Leaders in Postcommunist Countries by Valerie J. Bunce, Sharon L. Wolchik