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By Andre Kraak
Debates approximately solid governance are more and more eager about the coordination failure that happens whilst numerous organizations are required to behave in live performance with one another, and this monograph appears at simply the sort of case within the South African government's efforts to "join up" education and paintings to provide a skilled labor force.
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Indeed, one of the doubtful claims made by champions of flexible labour markets is that they are far more effective in tackling unemployment. Not only is this questionable, but an examination of the differences between the unemployed in Germany and the USA shows that the former are better skilled because of the dual system of vocational training. Consequently, they have a better opportunity, in times of economic upturn, to take advantage of their relatively higher skills. An internal labour market is one in which high general skills are provided by the vocational education and training (VET) system and further firmspecific skilling is undertaken by corporations.
A similar point is made in Szdlik (2002). za As I understand it, South Africa has a mixed labour market in which for many of the high-end export-oriented industries there will be an internal labour market. At the other end of the scale, there is an informal labour market that will be the ultimate in flexibility but which clearly requires a degree of skill – a foundation to build on as more workers are drawn from it to the formal labour market. Three possibilities for optimism and a concern In reading Kraak’s (2004) Overview, there are three possibilities for optimism in breaking out of the low-skills trap.
Generally, the knowledge economy is seen to be based on an evercloser relationship between science, technology and the market. So the typical knowledge industries are considered to be those of electronics, biogenetics and perhaps nanotechnology. In particular, the Internet is seen as a source of increasing productivity across the economy. Perhaps the most important aspect of this debate has turned on whether the Internet has, in fact, increased productivity. More recently, the debate has shifted to the phenomenon of jobless growth and the respective roles of technology and ‘offshoring’.
Debating High Skills and Joined-up Policy by Andre Kraak