New PDF release: Dancing at Halftime: Sports and the Controversy over
By Carol Spindel
Activities enthusiasts like to don paint and feathers to cheer at the Washington Redskins and the Cleveland Indians, the Atlanta Braves, the Florida country Seminoles, and the soldiers and Chiefs in their homeland excessive colleges. yet outdoor the stadiums, American Indians usually are not cheering--they're yelling racism. university forums and faculties are bombarded with emotional calls for from either side, whereas expert groups locate themselves in court docket protecting the precise to trademark their Indian names and emblems. within the face of competition via a countrywide anti-mascot stream, why are enthusiasts so made up our minds to continue the fictitious chiefs who plant flaming spears and dance at the fifty-yard line? to respond to this question, Dancing at Halftime takes the reader on a trip in the course of the American mind's eye the place our wondering American Indians has been, and remains to be being, formed. Dancing at Halftime is the tale of Carol Spindel's choice to appreciate why her followed city is so passionately hooked up to leader Illiniwek, the yank Indian mascot of the collage of Illinois. She rummages via our nationwide attic, protecting dusty souvenirs from world's gala's and wild west exhibits, Edward Curtis photos, Boy Scout handbooks, and light soccer courses as much as the sunshine. open air stadiums, whereas American Indian circulate protestors burn effigies, she listens to either activists and the fanatics who resent their assaults. inside of listening to rooms and excessive colleges, she poses inquiries to linguists, attorneys, and college alumni. a piece of either persuasion and compassion, Dancing at Halftime reminds us that during the United States, the place Pontiac is a motor vehicle and Tecumseh a summer season camp, Indians are usually our symbolic servants, functioning as mascots and metaphors that categorical our longings to turn into "native" american citizens, and to consider at domestic in our personal land.
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Extra info for Dancing at Halftime: Sports and the Controversy over American Indian Mascots
They numbered 132. Government planners had assumed that this land was too remote to interest settlers, but they were wrong. The relocated Illinois were directly in the path of the overland trails to the West. The region was also torn apart by violent conflicts over slavery. And after the end of the Civil War, railroads moved into the area, wanting more land and bringing more American settlers. The Peoria chief, Baptiste Peoria, tried to hold the group together, but conditions were difficult. Settlers hunted and cut timber on Indian land.
41 This drawing shows a Kaskaskia man in eighteenth-century clothing. It was one of the decorations on a map of the Ohio River executed by Joseph Wabin in 1796. The original map, which is quite large, is lightly colored in pen and ink. Collection of the Bibliothèque Nationale de France. Reprinted by permission. In the late 1600s there may have been as many as twelve groups who were part of the Illinois. At least sixteen villages are named in French accounts, but most are mentioned only once. Only five of these village groups— the Kaskaskia, Peoria, Cahokia, Tamaroa, and Michigamea—survived into the 1830s.
In the late 1600s there may have been as many as twelve groups who were part of the Illinois. At least sixteen villages are named in French accounts, but most are mentioned only once. Only five of these village groups— the Kaskaskia, Peoria, Cahokia, Tamaroa, and Michigamea—survived into the 1830s. The Peoria are the only federally recognized tribe of the Illinois that remains. Scholars who have studied the French accounts of how many fires, cabins, warriors, or souls were in the various villages and tried to add them together 42 RACES OF LIVING THINGS come up with an estimate of ten thousand to twelve thousand Illinois people in 1680.
Dancing at Halftime: Sports and the Controversy over American Indian Mascots by Carol Spindel