Race Relations

Criminological Perspectives on Race and Crime - download pdf or read online

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By Shaun L. Gabbidon

ISBN-10: 1138826618

ISBN-13: 9781138826618

Ideal to be used in both crime conception or race and crime classes, this can be the one textual content to examine the array of factors for crime as they relate to racial and ethnic populations. every one bankruptcy starts off with a old assessment of every theoretical standpoint and the way its unique formula and newer derivatives account for racial/ethnic transformations. The theoretical views contain these in line with faith, biology, social disorganization/strain, way of life, labeling, clash, social regulate, colonial, and feminism. the writer considers which views have proven the main promise within the quarter of race/ethnicity and crime.

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In Herrnstein and Murray’s words: [Persons with low IQs] find it harder to understand why robbing someone is wrong, find it harder to appreciate values of civil and cooperative social life, and are accordingly less inhibited from acting in ways that are hurtful to other people and to the community at large. (pp. 240–1) Herrnstein and Murray (1994) continue their review of the topic using a race-based analysis solely looking at white males. Their analysis noted that white males with the highest IQs were less likely to encounter the criminal justice system.

405). Explaining their reasoning for this description, Cullen and colleagues wrote: Their failure to consider alternative criminogenic risk factors is inexcusable not only because the research documenting their salience is readily available but also because doing so leads them to justify ill-conceived, repressive crime policies. By portraying offenders as driven into crime predominantly by cognitive disadvantage, Herrnstein and Murray mask the reality that stronger risk factors not only exist but are also amenable to effective correctional intervention.

It examined more than a century of scholarship that has, at numerous points in time, applied biological theories to racial minorities. Implicit in such theories has been the notion of white supremacy—both physically and intellectually. The most recent biological theorists have moved towards the integration of biological and sociological factors. Such perspectives argue that one’s biological makeup and one’s environment intersect to provide key clues to understanding the etiology of criminal behavior in all communities, but particularly in those heavily populated by racial BIOLOGICAL PERSPECTIVES 43 minorities.

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Criminological Perspectives on Race and Crime by Shaun L. Gabbidon


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