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By Albert Schrauwers
The To Pamona, the folk of the highlands of crucial Sulawesi, Indonesia, convey the consequences of a sophisticated background of colonial touch. during this anthropological learn, Albert Schrauwers examines the profound effect of a Dutch Protestant venture at the faith and tradition of the To Pamona.
Schrauwers finds how a different discourse on faith within the Netherlands was once exported to its colony, Indonesia. The missionaries fostered a spiritual nationalism that eventually reworked the region's cultural and political identification over the process the next century. The position of the church in Dutch and Indonesian political views is proven and the old roots of this 'pillarization' are unearthed. important to this phenomenon one of the To Pamona, says Schrauwers, was once the impression of Dutch missionary Albert C. Kruyt, who used ethnographic the right way to impose upon the folks a international faith and social structure.
Schrauwers has established his learn on huge archival examine carried out within the Netherlands, in addition to years of box paintings in Sulawesi. He provides a dynamic view of the evolution of spiritual perform one of the To Pomona, and brings new fabric to the scholarship on id and faith in Indonesia.
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Additional info for Colonial 'Reformation' in the Highlands of Central Sulawesi, Indonesia, 1892-1995
The scope of the changes involved ranged from the creation of a unified, rational legal system (which meant, among other things, the universal adoption of family names); the introduction of a land registry that literally mapped the Netherlands for the first time; and the establishment of a transporta- 38 Colonial Incorporation tion network of roads, canals, and railways (Woud 1987). The pace of these changes was, however, noticeably slower in the Netherlands than elsewhere. As natural resources and cheap labour were lacking, the pace of industrialization was slow; the Dutch economy remained dominated by agriculture well into the late nineteenth century.
There I was given contact information for the chair of the synod of the Christian Church of Central Sulawesi (Gereja Kristen Sulawesi Tengah [GKST]), the Reverend A. Lumentut. I was surprised to learn that Reverend Lumentut was in Jakarta, attending a meeting of the Indonesian Council of Churches (PGI) when I first arrived. We planned to meet, but tight schedules kept me playing catch-up on the trip to Tentena, the site of the GKST's headquarters. I missed our planned meeting at a church in the provincial capital, Palu, and arrived in Tentena several days behind her.
It is in this 16 Colonial 'Reformation' in the Highlands of Central Sulawesi, Indonesia light that the 'contest of representations' centred around the Lake Poso Festival must be interpreted. The issues of representation and voice are thus not simply 'political' matters, but invoke complex questions about the very nature of our analytic categories. The roots of pillarization (and hence its cultural politics) lie, rather, in the disciplinary strategies of the church; strategies which, like those of the liberal state, aim to inform their subjects with a distinctive 'nationalist' identity.
Colonial 'Reformation' in the Highlands of Central Sulawesi, Indonesia, 1892-1995 by Albert Schrauwers