Download e-book for kindle: Choosing the Lesser Evil: Understanding Decision Making in by Liesbet Heyse
By Liesbet Heyse
The critical query during this ebook is how non-governmental humanitarian relief agencies begin, terminate and expand their venture actions. Humanitarian reduction businesses usually face tough judgements approximately existence and loss of life in a context of great time constraints which strength them to day-by-day pick out whom to aid and whom to not support. Heyse specializes in how humanitarian relief enterprises make these kinds of judgements and offers an inside of view of the decision-making methods. NGO case reports are used as representation: Medecins sans Frontieres (MSF) and appearing with church buildings jointly (ACT) either one of which function in a global community and characterize particular different types of NGOs frequently present in the neighborhood. This ebook is one among few that opens up the black field of NGO operations, offers an empirical account of organizational selection making and combines insights of organizational decision-making concept and association concept.
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Extra info for Choosing the Lesser Evil: Understanding Decision Making in Humanitarian Aid Ngos
They have a speciﬁc character because they reﬂect duties and obligations that are part of the contextual setting of the decision to be taken. These duties and obligations deﬁne the set of norms and roles that constrain the individual in the decision-making process (March and Olsen 1989; Searing 1991:1241; March 1994). They are the products of a historical process of organizational learning and adjustment (March and Olsen 1989:38; Biddle 1986:67, 69). The choice of a rule regime deﬁnes the type and amount of information needed to decide, and the actions to be taken.
A fourth strand of research therefore focuses on the study of diversity within the NGO community, as a way to explore causes of variety in NGO behavior and performance. These topics are approached from various perspectives and disciplines: we ﬁnd sociological and economic publications on the role and position of NGOs in society, as well as organizational studies about a speciﬁc NGO or the NGO community as a whole (see, for example, Hansmann, 1987, Douglas 1987, DiMaggio & Anheier, 1990, Seibel & Anheier, 1990).
Hence, the rise of the NGO community is related to changing attitudes and behavior of various actors, such as nation states, international organizations, and Western NGOs (Salamon, 1994). Nation states and international organizations were responsible for increased NGO funding. The disappointment in the effectiveness of state interventions led to political decisions to subsidize NGOs as a substitution of or complementary to state action (Edwards & Hulme, 1996). The increased funding of western NGOs by western governments allowed these NGOs in turn to fund local NGOs in the developing world and in Eastern Europe.
Choosing the Lesser Evil: Understanding Decision Making in Humanitarian Aid Ngos by Liesbet Heyse