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By Stephen A. Roosa
During this time of more and more urgent crisis approximately international weather swap and its in all likelihood irreversible and dangerous affects at the world's inhabitants, it really is thought of pressing to discover potent capability for considerably lowering neighborhood, neighborhood, nationwide and foreign greenhouse fuel emissions in houses, companies, industries and groups round the planet. This ebook, to begin with, describes in transparent, concise and comprehensible phrases the character and scope of the weather swap challenge. The authors then mix their enormous services to supply particular instructions for outlining and utilising the simplest carbon aid guidelines, options and applied sciences. ultimately, they suggest a well-defined blue-print or street map for an motion plan to be used by way of training engineers, scientists, technicians, managers, and decision-makers, that are applied to assist regulate and hamper the alarming raises in carbon dioxide and different greenhouse gasoline emissions.
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Additional info for Carbon reduction : policies, strategies, and technologies
Yet, all types of oil extraction have environmental impacts. In the Alberta province of Canada lie the Athabasca tar sands—the world’s largest proven oil reserve—easily recoverable just below the rich boreal forests and peat bogs. 8 While it can cost $25 to $30 per barrel to process the crude oil from tar sands, much higher oil prices make recovery economically feasible. However, to access the oil-bearing tar sands, the land must be laid bare and energy and water resources are required. The extraction process requires heating the oil, which uses the equivalent of one barrel of natural gas for each two barrels of oil recovered.
It identifies an atmospheric concentration threshold of 450 ppm of CO2, beyond which the environment is likely to endure irreversible, detrimental impacts. At present rates of increases, this threshold will be breached within 35 years. Averting such a global catastrophe requires rapid, sustained and dramatic cuts in CO2 emissions by industrialized countries plus largescale technology investments in developing nations. This chapter calls for a worldwide shift to a low-carbon economy, offering a variety of tools—innovative carbon reduction technologies—that will quell the rise in GHG emissions.
2008). Hot, flat and crowded. Farrar, Straus and Giroux. p. 214. 4. Energy Information Administration (2007, September 18). International energy annual 2005. xls, accessed 3 November 2007. 5. Energy Information Administration (2007, May). International energy outlook 2007. html, accessed 3 November 2007. 6. S. EPA (2008, February). S. greenhouse gas emissions and sinks1990-2006. Public Review Draft. 7. Ibid. 8. Wikipedia. Methane. org/wiki/Methane, accessed 8 March 2008. The chemical formula for this process is CH4 + 2O2 -> CO2 + 2H2O.
Carbon reduction : policies, strategies, and technologies by Stephen A. Roosa