Bleeding Borders: Race, Gender, and Violence in Pre-Civil by Kristen Tegtmeier Oertel PDF
By Kristen Tegtmeier Oertel
In Bleeding Borders, Kristen Tegtmeier Oertel deals a clean, multifaceted interpretation of the necessary sectional clash in pre-Civil battle Kansas. rather than targeting the white, male politicians and settlers who vied for keep an eye on of the Kansas territorial legislature, Oertel explores the the most important roles local americans, African american citizens, and white ladies performed within the literal and rhetorical conflict among proslavery and antislavery settlers within the sector. She brings consciousness to the neighborhood debates and the varied peoples who participated in them in the course of that contentious interval.
Oertel starts off by way of detailing the cost of jap Kansas through emigrant Indian tribes and explores their interplay with the starting to be variety of white settlers within the sector. She analyzes the makes an attempt by means of southerners to plant slavery in Kansas and the eventually profitable resistance of slaves and abolitionists. Oertel then considers how crude frontier residing stipulations, Indian clash, political upheaval, and sectional violence reshaped conventional Victorian gender roles in Kansas and explores women's participation within the political and actual conflicts among proslavery and antislavery settlers.
Oertel is going directly to research northern and southern definitions of "true manhood" and the way competing rules of masculinity infused political and sectional tensions. She concludes with an research of miscegenation--not merely how racial blending among Indians, slaves, and whites encouraged occasions in territorial Kansas, yet extra importantly, how the phobia of miscegenation fueled either proslavery and antislavery arguments in regards to the desire for civil warfare.
As Oertel demonstrates, the gamers in Bleeding Kansas used guns except their Sharpes rifles and Bowie knives to salary warfare over the extension of slavery: they attacked every one other's cultural values and struggled to say their very own political wills. They jealously guarded beliefs of manhood, womanhood, and whiteness whilst the presence of Indians and blacks and the controversy over slavery raised severe questions about the efficacy of those rules. Oertel argues that, eventually, many local americans, blacks, and girls formed the political and cultural terrain in ways in which ensured the destruction of slavery, yet they, besides their white male opposite numbers, didn't defeat the resilient energy of white supremacy.
Moving past a standard political heritage of Bleeding Kansas, Bleeding Borders breaks new floor by means of revealing how the struggles of this hugely various zone contributed to the nationwide circulate towards disunion and the way the ideologies that ruled race and gender kin have been challenged as North, South, and West converged at the border among slavery and freedom.
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Additional info for Bleeding Borders: Race, Gender, and Violence in Pre-Civil War Kansas
The condition of the smaller tribes without agents is comparatively good,” he wrote, “but much evil is apprehended from their proximity to the white settlements. ” Cumming acknowledged that it would be impossible to prevent the tribes from trading and socializing with white settlers, but he made every effort to eliminate alcohol from this equation. ” 50 While government policy curbed alcohol consumption among some tribes, the problem persisted, especially as more and more white families arrived in the area with few resources with which to trade other than food and alcohol.
By their late treaty, all the land ceded by them to the United States . . were to be offered for sale for their benefit a public auction. . Some reflections were cast on certain officers of the Army stationed at Fort Leavenworth for their conduct in relation to the Delaware Lands . . ” 56 22 r e l igiou s , e c onom ic , a n d se x ua l e xc h a nge i n i n di a n k a n s a s Captain Hunt, commander of Fort Leavenworth, confirmed the officers’ trespasses and reported the incidents to the Delaware agent.
C. ” 37 Because the success of mission schools proved inconsistent at best, missionaries employed a variety of methods by which they would “civilize” their Indian subjects. Proselytizing and spreading the Christian word and religion among the tribes met with mixed success, but many missionaries believed this task to be their most important. Jordan Johnnycake, likely a Delaware, thoroughly embraced the Christian theology preached by the Baptist mission, thus appearing to be “saved” from the damnation inherent in practicing his indigenous religion.
Bleeding Borders: Race, Gender, and Violence in Pre-Civil War Kansas by Kristen Tegtmeier Oertel