Lasse Rosendahl's Biomass combustion science, technology and engineering PDF
By Lasse Rosendahl
This ebook provides a range of thermo-chemical applied sciences for conversion of biomass, not just to provide warmth and tool, but additionally intermediate items resembling syngas and bio-oils. Part one presents an creation to biomass offer chains and feedstocks, and descriptions the foundations of biomass combustion for energy iteration. Chapters additionally describe the categorization and training of biomass feedstocks for combustion and gasification. half explores biomass combustion and co-firing, together with direct combustion of biomass, biomass co-firing and gasification, speedy pyrolysis of biomass for the construction of beverages and intermediate pyrolysis applied sciences. Later sections specialize in largescale biomass combustion and biorefineries and large-scale biomass combustion crops, key engineering matters and plant operation. The concluding bankruptcy appears to be like on the function of biorefineries in expanding the worth of the end-products of biomass conversion.
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Extra resources for Biomass combustion science, technology and engineering
On the other hand, the same authors acknowledge the fact that longer transportation distances lead to higher emissions from the biomass supply chain, therefore reducing to a certain extent the environmental advantages of renewable energy generation. © Woodhead Publishing Limited, 2013 18 Biomass combustion science, technology and engineering Up to now, it has not been common to transport biomass over long distances, due to its low density and the relatively increased transportation cost. Therefore, the most commonly used transportation method is by road, due to the local nature of these operations.
As far as the upstream supply chain is concerned, biomass availability and geographical dispersion are major factors in locating the facility, due to their immediate effect on the mean travel distance, which determines the biomass transportation cost. A number of factors related to the downstream supply chain affect the total system cost. For a co-generation or tri-generation facility with a district energy supply, the geographical position of the consumers of the district heating and cooling determines the length of the district energy transfer and distribution network.
An attractive option is using standardized equipment with a small number of interchangeable parts to fit the biomass specifications better. For waste streams, there are two options. The first option applies when the transportation distances are short: the collection vehicles transport the waste directly to the energy conversion facility, without the need for loading equipment. The second option entails intermediate trans-shipment, in order to transport larger quantities over larger distances more efficiently.
Biomass combustion science, technology and engineering by Lasse Rosendahl