Download e-book for kindle: Biolubricants: Science and technology by Jan C.J. Bart
By Jan C.J. Bart
With an expanding international have to stream clear of fossil gasoline dependence, there's a compelling case to contemplate renewable assets as destiny uncooked fabrics for the current business items, from biofuels to biosurfactants and biolubricants. Biolubricants are synthetic without delay from vegetable oils formulations or synthesized from renewable mineral oils. they're designed to be biodegradable and unhazardous to people. In particular environments they're required for any program the place traditional items may perhaps pose an environmental probability (e.g. the place power leakage might occur). This ebook on bio-based lubricants provides an invaluable evaluation of biomass-derived uncooked fabrics, environmental merits in comparison with using fossil fuels, lubricant layout issues, biolubricant chemistry and the key purposes of biolubes. The textual content identifies almost certainly winning items and applied sciences and promising (and much less promising) items and advancements and seriously reports and evaluates an excessive amount of literature from medical journals, patents and articles on the web as much as past due 2011.
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Additional info for Biolubricants: Science and technology
This share might increase somewhat by more efficient engine and heating systems and increasing amounts of biofuels. 1, confirms the modest share of oil reserved for the chemical industry and for lubricant base oil production in particular. Deployments of renewable raw materials for the chemical industry and sustainable energy will require a concerted effort from scientists across a great number of disciplines to develop new technologies, and (most of all) political will. Industrial production processes can reach higher levels of efficiency and products can be made more attractive through the added value lubricants can offer.
Lubricant additives (partly similar to those in use in mineral oil base lubricants but with the extra dimension of biodegradability) are introduced © Woodhead Publishing Limited, 2013 Renewable lubricants 7 without unnecessary detail in Chapter 7. Physical properties and quality requirements of renewable and environmentally acceptable lubricant formulations are given in Chapter 8. The description of testing of biolubricant performance is restricted to the (extra) aspects related to the bio basis (biodegradability, ecotoxicity).
Distinct lubrication regimes operate in different working conditions in various applications. The role of viscosity is stressed. Essential differences in interposition between metal surfaces of hydrocarbons and vegetable oils are briefly outlined. Key words: tribology, friction, wear, lubrication, surface activity. 1 Introduction Friction is the mechanical force which resists movement (dynamic or kinetic friction) or hinders movement (static friction) between two sliding or rolling surfaces in contact.
Biolubricants: Science and technology by Jan C.J. Bart