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By Phuong Dzung Pho (auth.)
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Extra info for Authorial Stance in Research Articles: Examples from Applied Linguistics and Educational Technology
Adverbials have also been well documented as a rich source of stance (Biber and Finegan, 1988), as have adjectives and nouns (Biber, 2006). The choice of an adverb such as generally, for example, helps writers avoid making an overgeneralization, whereas the use of a value-laden word such as important or useful conveys the writer’s positive attitude. Such words are therefore important to study as stance markers. Apart from individual lexico-grammatical items as previously discussed, researchers on evaluation in academic and professional writing have recently drawn attention to writers’ use of that-clause constructions to convey their stance (Charles, 2006a; Hunston, 2007).
G. g. g. g. g. g. g. g. ) All the moves of the articles were tagged for parts of speech (POS) using CLAWS7 (Garside and Smith, 1997). The 23 types of linguistic devices were then extracted using WordSmith Tools (Scott, 2004). Self-reference words Self-reference words refer to the first person pronouns, their derived forms, and nouns referring to the author(s) (Hyland, 2003, p. 253). The following self-reference words were extracted from the corpus using the Concordance program in WordSmith Tools (Scott, 2004): I, me, my, mine, myself, we, us, our, ours, ourselves, the author, the authors, the researcher, the researchers.
Voice The active and passive voice of transitive verbs were extracted for the analysis of the voice feature because only transitive verbs have the possibility of being used in both active or passive (Master, 1991; Rodman, 1994). Only active verbs that are followed by an object were extracted 36 Authorial Stance in Research Articles from the tagged corpus in the present study (and all of the extracted cases were manually checked to ensure that they are transitive verbs; ineligible cases were discarded).
Authorial Stance in Research Articles: Examples from Applied Linguistics and Educational Technology by Phuong Dzung Pho (auth.)