New PDF release: Anti-Catholicism in Northern Ireland, 1600–1998: The Mote
By John D. Brewer
Anti-Catholicism types a part of the dynamics to Northern Ireland's clash and is necessary to the self-defining id of definite Protestants. besides the fact that, anti-Catholicism is as a lot a sociology approach as a theological dispute. It was once given a Scriptural underpinning within the background of Protestant-Catholic kin in eire, and wider British-Irish kinfolk, on the way to toughen social divisions among the non secular groups and to supply a deterministic trust method to justify them. The publication examines the socio-economic and political approaches that experience ended in theology getting used in social closure and stratification among the 17th century and the current day.
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Extra resources for Anti-Catholicism in Northern Ireland, 1600–1998: The Mote and the Beam
This tradition was represented in Scotland by the Reformed Presbyterian Church. The Seceders in Scotland were themselves divided between the Burghers and Anti-Burghers, the latter seeing themselves as yet more strict in their loyalty to the 1643 covenant. This fissure also came to Ireland (on the Scottish background to these theological disputes in Ireland, see Stewart, 1977: 96-9). The covenanting societies which formed in Ireland during the eighteenth century made explicit their loyalty to the seventeenthcentury covenants, both in their theological antipathy to Catholicism and political loyalty to the old Constitution.
The covenants were popularly endorsed amongst the Ulster Scots, who by 1642 had established formally the first presbyteries in Ireland, although the Presbyterian Church in Ireland was still closely allied to the Scottish Kirk, being required to act 'in exact conformity to the parent establishment in Scotland' (Barkley, 1959: 10). The covenants were popular, and the number of presbyteries grew so quickly in Ulster in the 1640s, because they meshed with local issues. Miller argues that the immediate meaning of the covenants to local Protestants was that they became a public band against the danger from Irish Catholic natives (Miller, 1978a: 15).
That Catholics held more land than was allotted to them under plantation did not matter, for they considered all of it theirs in the first place (Kee, 1995: 41). In September 1641, the Gaelic Catholic lords rose in rebellion, led by one of the younger O'Neills. They supported Charles against Parliament and sought to overthrow the Puritan administration in Ireland. Their defiance was complexly mixed with loyalty to the English Crown, which was pro-Catholic, the throne to which the covenanters also pledged allegiance but which the King had supposedly abrogated by his tolerance of Catholicism.
Anti-Catholicism in Northern Ireland, 1600–1998: The Mote and the Beam by John D. Brewer