Download e-book for iPad: Algae Biotechnology: Products and Processes by Faizal Bux, Yusuf Chisti
By Faizal Bux, Yusuf Chisti
This e-book examines the usage of algae for the improvement of priceless items and methods with the emphasis in the direction of eco-friendly applied sciences and tactics, and the necessities to make those potential. Serving as an entire reference advisor to the construction of biofuels and different price extra items from micro and macro algae, it covers numerous elements of algal biotechnology from the fundamentals to massive scale cultivation, harvesting and processing for quite a few items. it really is authored and edited by means of revered international specialists within the box of algal biotechnology and gives the hottest and leading edge info on advancements within the box. over the last decade there was massive concentration and comparable literature at the program of algal biomass for the new release of novel procedures and items. ‘Algae Biotechnology: items and strategies’ contains a holistic method of significantly comparing advancements within the box of algal biotechnology while making an allowance for contemporary advances and construction at the physique of information. facets of the consequences of damaging algae also are mentioned, in addition to the capability advertisement program of algal biotechnology, the techno-economic feasibility of algal biodiesel construction and using genetic and metabolic engineering for the advance of yield. different bioenergy resources reminiscent of alcohol fuels, aviation fuels, biohydrogen and biogas also are lined. This ebook is meant for postgraduates and researchers operating within the biofuels and algal undefined; it constitutes excellent reference fabric for either early degree and tested researchers.
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Extra info for Algae Biotechnology: Products and Processes
Carbon dioxide requirements can be estimated from the expected biomass productivity of the raceway, accounting for the inevitable losses to the atmosphere as previously discussed (Chisti 2012). The demand for carbon dioxide varies with the rate of photosynthesis which is controlled by the irradiance. Therefore, the best strategy to ensure a sufﬁciency of carbon and minimize loss is to inject carbon dioxide in response to a signal from a pH controller (Chisti 2012). Periodic injection without automatic pH control may be feasible, depending on historical experience with a given alga and location (Becker 1994).
2006). Long term diurnal variations in contaminant removal in high rate ponds treating urban wastewater. Bioresource Technology, 97, 1709–1715. Geider, R. J. (1987). Light and temperature dependence of the carbon to chlorophyll a ratio in microalgae and cyanobacteria: Implications for physiology and growth of phytoplankton. New Phytologist, 106, 1–34. Goldman, J. , & Carpenter, E. J. (1974). A kinetic approach to the effect of temperature on algal growth. Limnology and Oceanography, 19, 756–766.
2012, 2014), dissolved organic compounds contribute to growth leading to a generally higher productivity than is possible with purely photoautotrophic growth. 2 m raceway pond operated mixotrophically, Sing et al. 5 kg m−2 d−1 over an extended period. A photoautotrophic culture requires supplementation with carbon dioxide to attain high biomass productivity. The carbon dioxide in the ambient atmosphere is insufﬁcient to support productivities that are biologically feasible under otherwise nonlimiting conditions.
Algae Biotechnology: Products and Processes by Faizal Bux, Yusuf Chisti