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By Ronald J. Deibert, John G. Palfrey, Rafal Rohozinski, Jonathan Zittrain
Many nations all over the world block or filter out net content material, denying entry to information—often approximately politics, but additionally on the subject of sexuality, tradition, or religion—that they deem too delicate for traditional voters. entry Denied records and analyzes web filtering practices in over 3 dozen nations, supplying the 1st carefully carried out examine of this accelerating development. net filtering happens in no less than 40 states world wide together with many nations in Asia and the center East and North Africa. similar net content material regulate mechanisms also are in position in Canada, the us and a cluster of nations in Europe. Drawing on a just-completed survey of world web filtering undertaken via the OpenNet Initiative (a collaboration of the Berkman middle for net and Society at Harvard legislation institution, the Citizen Lab on the college of Toronto, the Oxford net Institute at Oxford collage, and the collage of Cambridge) and hoping on paintings by means of neighborhood specialists and an intensive community of researchers, entry Denied examines the political, felony, social, and cultural contexts of web filtering in those states from numerous views. Chapters speak about the mechanisms and politics of web filtering, the strengths and barriers of the know-how that powers it, the relevance of overseas legislation, moral issues for firms that offer states with the instruments for blocking off and filtering, and the consequences of net filtering for activist groups that more and more depend upon net applied sciences for speaking their missions. experiences on web content material law in 40 diversified international locations keep on with, with each one kingdom profile outlining the kinds of content material blocked by way of classification and documenting key findings. Contributors : Ross Anderson, Malcolm Birdling, Ronald Deibert, Robert Faris, Vesselina Haralampieva, Steven Murdoch, Helmi Noman, John Palfrey, Rafal Rohozinski, Mary Rundle, Nart Villeneuve, Stephanie Wang, and Jonathan Zittrain
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Extra resources for Access Denied: The Practice and Policy of Global Internet Filtering
In the following chapter, Zittrain and Palfrey probe in further detail the political motives and implications of this growing global phenomenon, with subsequent chapters elaborating on technical, legal, and ethical considerations. 7 Content filtering choices. Notes 1. The OpenNet Initiative is a collaboration of four institutions: the Citizen Lab at the University of Toronto, the Oxford Internet Institute at Oxford University, the Berkman Center for Internet & Society at Harvard Law School, and the University of Cambridge.
It is tempting to aggregate the results by summing up the scores in each category. Yet doing so would imply that the blocking of political opposition is equivalent to filtering that supports conservative social values or the fear of national security risks. These competing sets of values suggest that a number of different weighting schemes might be appropriate. In any case, the results are generally quite clear, as the most pervasive filtering regimes tend to filter across all categories. Country-specific and Global Filtering A comparison between the blocking of country-specific sites and the blocking of internationally relevant Web sites provides another view of global filtering.
Each of these means of accessing the site (and others) must be added to the block list in order to block citizens’ access in a thorough manner. 18 Additionally, since filtering on a national scale requires complex infrastructure, making sure that the same list of blocked sites is present on each machine performing the filtering, at either a centralized or ISP-specific level, is no simple task. A state subscribing to such a service is limited to the categories made available by the commercial software providers.
Access Denied: The Practice and Policy of Global Internet Filtering by Ronald J. Deibert, John G. Palfrey, Rafal Rohozinski, Jonathan Zittrain