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By American Association for the Advancement of Science, National Research Council, Division on Earth and Life Studies, Board on Life Sciences, Policy and Global Affairs, Security, and Cooperation Development, Committee on Assessing Fundamental Attitudes of
An identical applied sciences that gasoline clinical advances additionally pose strength risks--that the information, instruments, and strategies won via valid biotechnology learn can be misused to create organic guns or for bioterrorism. this is referred to as the twin use quandary of the lifestyles sciences. but even examine with the best power for misuse may well supply major merits. opting for the best way to constrain the risk with out harming crucial clinical study is important for nationwide protection in addition to prosperity and health. This publication discusses a 2007 survey of yankee organization for the development of technological know-how (AAAS) participants within the lifestyles sciences approximately their wisdom of twin use concerns and attitudes approximately their tasks to assist mitigate the dangers of misuse in their study. total, the consequences recommend that there's substantial aid for methods to oversight that depend upon measures which are built and applied by means of the medical neighborhood itself. The responses additionally recommend that there's a have to make clear the scope of analysis actions of shock and to supply counsel approximately what activities scientists can take to minimize the danger that their study may be misused via people with malicious purpose.
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Additional resources for A Survey of Attitudes and Actions on Dual Use Research in the Life Sciences: A Collaborative Effort of the National Research Council and the American Association for the Advancement of Science
Scientiﬁc information is also communicated by other means: seminars, meetings, electronic posting, etc. Journals and scientiﬁc societies can play an important role in encouraging investigators to communicate results of research in ways that maximize public beneﬁts and minimize risks of misuse. SOURCE: Journal Editors and Authors Group (2003a,b,c) and Fox (2003). toring their communication to maximize the beneﬁts and minimize the risks of their research. Several journals adopted formal policies to consider dual use and the potential for misuse of the information in the manuscript during the review.
The proposed system thus sought to protect scientiﬁc enquiry from untoward government interference and to permit open communication to the maximum extent possible for the public good. The committee’s report listed seven classes of experiments it believed “illustrate the types of endeavors or discoveries that will require review and discussion by informed members of the scientiﬁc and medical community before they are undertaken or, if carried out, before they are published in full detail” (NRC 2004a:5).
9 Nevertheless, by the 1990s the issue again arose—this time for the ﬁeld of cryptography. Recognizing the threat to national security that could arise from advances in cryptography, cryptographers agreed to submit articles on a voluntary basis for government review simultaneously with submission to journals and to consider requests to restrict publication of details that could harm national security (Dam and Lin 1996:417; Difﬁe 1996:2). 9 NSDD-189 states: “’Fundamental research’ means basic and applied research in science and engineering, the results of which ordinarily are published and shared broadly within the scientiﬁc community, as distinguished from proprietary research and from industrial development, design, production, and product utilization, the results of which ordinarily are restricted for proprietary or national security reasons.
A Survey of Attitudes and Actions on Dual Use Research in the Life Sciences: A Collaborative Effort of the National Research Council and the American Association for the Advancement of Science by American Association for the Advancement of Science, National Research Council, Division on Earth and Life Studies, Board on Life Sciences, Policy and Global Affairs, Security, and Cooperation Development, Committee on Assessing Fundamental Attitudes of