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A History of the Catholic Church in the American South, - download pdf or read online

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By James M. Woods

ISBN-10: 0813035325

ISBN-13: 9780813035321

“In a masterful survey of analysis on Catholicism within the South, Woods has performed for that quarter what James Hennesey did for the Catholic Church within the usa in American Catholics.”—Gerald P. Fogarty, college of Virginia


“This is a publication now we have lengthy wanted. over the past 4 a long time the heritage of the evangelical culture within the South has been found and masses written approximately, however the Catholic size of southern spiritual historical past has lagged in the back of within the historiography. eventually here's a synthesis of just about 3 centuries of the Catholic Church within the region.”—John B. Boles, Rice University


No Christian denomination has had an extended or extra different life within the American South than the Catholic Church. The Spanish missions demonstrated in Florida and Texas promoted Catholicism. Catholicism was once the dominant faith one of the French who settled in Louisiana. sooner than the inflow of Irish immigrants within the 1840s, so much American Catholics lived south of the Mason-Dixon line. Anti-Catholic prejudice was once by no means as robust within the South as within the North or Midwest and used to be infrequent within the zone earlier than the 20th century.
    James Woods’s sweeping heritage stretches from the 1st eu payment of the continent throughout the finish of the Spanish-American struggle. The booklet is split into 3 specific sections: the colonial period, the early Republic during the annexation of Texas in 1845, and the stormy latter 1/2 the 19th century. Woods can pay specific cognizance to church/state family members, venture paintings and spiritual orders, the church and slavery, immigration to the South, and the event of Catholicism in a principally Protestant quarter. He additionally highlights the contributions and careers of convinced very important southern Catholics, either clerical and lay, and considers how the varied Catholic ethnic and racial teams have expressed their faith—and their citizenship—through the centuries.

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Catherine’s islands. 37 The next year, the Guale Indian revolt struck the Georgia missions. The revolt began in mid-September 1597 on the Georgia mainland near present-day Harris Neck near Sapelo Island at the village of Tolomato. The chief was a baptized Indian given the name Don Francisco; the problem was with his nephew Juanillo. Although Juanillo had been instructed in the faith and baptized, Fray Pedro de Corpa privately rebuked him for keeping too many wives. Another Franciscan cleric also privately reprimanded Juanillo for his polygamous behavior and warned him that he could not be a suitable heir to his uncle, the cacique.

Vila maintained that he was kept naked and hungry, was made a slave to the Indians, and was threatened with death. 45 Emboldened by their successes, a Guale war party of twenty canoes descended toward Cumberland Island to wipe out the San Pedro mission. The rebellion ended as a Spanish warship appeared and a Timucuan Indian chief known as Don Juan led his warriors against the rebels. This happened, interestingly, on October 4, 1597, the feast day of St. Francis. When Florida’s governor, Gonzalo Mendez de Canzo, heard of the revolt, he rose from his sickbed and began a series of punitive expeditions against the Guale.

Africans were present in Spain during the medieval era, and certain blacks had been a part of the earliest Spanish explorations and conquests. Spaniards of African descent like Juan Garrido and Juan González had been with Ponce de León’s landing in Florida in 1513. It was in Ayllón’s brief colony in 1526 that the first groups of African slaves were to land on what is now the United States. Some of these Africans were ladinos, Spanish-speaking Catholics who were skilled artisans and domestics. De Soto had several blacks, slave and free, as he traversed the American Southeast.

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A History of the Catholic Church in the American South, 1513-1900 by James M. Woods

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