Peter Ladefoged's A Course in Phonetics (Sixth Edition) PDF
By Peter Ladefoged
Phonetics is so comprehensible with A path IN PHONETICS and its CD! This best-selling textual content will get undergraduates painlessly into the subdiscipline of phonetics. Attuning your ear and training speech sounds is simple with the CD-ROM; over 4,000 audio documents contain many types of English and nearly a hundred different languages. The CD additionally includes fabric for each chapter--recordings of phrases within the tables and function exercises--and maps with hyperlinks to sounds of the languages spoken in numerous components of the realm.
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Extra info for A Course in Phonetics (Sixth Edition)
There is very little difference between a written version of a Swahili sentence and a phonemic transcription of that sentence. But because English pronunciation has changed over the centuries while the spelling has remained basically the same, phonemic transcriptions of English are different from written texts. THE TRANSCRIPTION OF CONSONANTS We can begin searching for phonemes by considering the contrasting consonant sounds in English. A good way is to find sets of words that rhyme. Take, for example, all the words that rhyme with pie and have only a single consonant at the beginning.
It is easiest to produce this kind of voice with a vowel such as that in had or hod. Some people can produce a creakyvoice sound in which the rate of vibration of the vocal folds is so low you can hear the individual pulsations. Try saying just the vowels in had, head, hid, heed in a creaky voice. You should be able to hear a change in pitch, although, in one sense, the pitch of all of them is just that of the low, creaky voice. When saying the vowels in the order heed, hid, head, had, you can hear a sound that steadily increases in pitch by approximately equal steps with each vowel.
By far, the most common unstressed vowel is [ E ], the one we noted at the end of some of the diphthongs in British English. It is often called by its German name, schwa. It occurs at the ends of words such as sofa, soda [ "soÁfE, "soÁdE ], in the middles of words such as emphasis, demonstrate [ "”mfEsIs, "d”mEnstreIt ], and at the beginnings of words such as around, arise [ E"raÁnd, E"raIz ]. (In all these words, the symbol [ " ] is a stress mark that has been placed before the syllable carrying the main stress.
A Course in Phonetics (Sixth Edition) by Peter Ladefoged